Dizziness causes

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Differentiating Dizziness from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

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Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor-In-Chief: M.Umer Tariq [2] Norina Usman, M.B.B.S[3]

Overview

Dizziness may be caused by hypotension, dehydration, arrhythmia, labyrinthitis, Meniere's disease, stroke, or hypoglycemia. Other causes are based on the organ system such as cardiovascular, neurological, musculoskeletal, dermatological, endocrine, infectious, pulmonological or side effects of the medicine.

Causes

Common causes of dizziness may include[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]:

Dizziness causes developed by WikiDoc.org

Other Causes by Organ System

Cardiovascular Aortic Stenosis, aortic valve stenosis, atrial flutter, atrial myxoma, cardiac amyloidosis, cardiomegaly, cerebrovascular disease, familial atrial fibrillation, hypertension, inappropriate sinus tachycardia, peripheral arterial disease, pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary valve stenosis, second degree AV block, sick sinus syndrome, sinus bradycardia, supraventricular tachycardia, [[Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome]
Chemical / poisoning Alcohol flush reaction, amnesic shellfish poisoning, amyl nitrite, antimony, bromomethane, bothrops, cadmium poisoning, carbon monoxide poisoning, cyanogen, ephedra, ethylene, furfural, ginkgo, green tobacco sickness, heavy metal ingestion, hydrazine, lead, marine toxins, mushroom poisoning, norplant, nutmeg, opioid, scombroid food poisoning, rubbing alcohol, solanine, trichloroethylene
Dermatologic No underlying causes
Drug Side Effect 1,1,1-Trichloroethane, 1,4-dichlorobenzene, 3-quinuclidinyl benzilate, 5-HT3 antagonist, abatacept, abciximab, Acamprosate calcium, acebutolol, aceclofenac, acetaminophen, acetohexamide, acetylsalicylic acid, aciclovir, acitretin, acyclovir, adalimumab, ajulemic acid, alatrofloxacin, Albendazole, albuterol, Amobarbital sodium, Aminoglutethimide, Armodafinil, Ketorolac tromethamine, Lisinopril and Hydrochlorothiazide, Losartan and Hydrochlorothiazide,Methylphenidate, aldesleukin, alendronate, alfuzosin, aliskiren, alprazolam, altretamine, amantadine, amifostine, amiloride, amiodarone, amitriptyline, amlodipine, amobarbital, Amoxicillin, Amlodipine besylate and Valsartan, amphetamine, amphotericin b, ampicillin, anagrelide, anastrozole, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, antihemophilic factor (human), antihemophilic factor (recombinant), Apomorphine hydrochloride, aprepitant, aripiprazole, Artemether/lumefantrine, asparaginase, atazanavir, atenolol, atorvastatin, atovaquone, azelastine, azithromycin, Aztreonam, baclofen,Basiliximab, benazepril, benzodiazepine, benzonatate, benztropine, Benzphetamine, bepridil, bethanechol, bevacizumab, bezafibrate, bicalutamide, biperiden, bisoprolol, bortezomib, bosentan, bromocriptine, brompheniramine, budesonide, bumetanide, bupivacaine, buprenorphine, bupropion, buspirone, busulfan, butabarbital, butalbital, butanethiol, butorphanol, cabergoline, cafergot, calanolide A, candesartan, capecitabine, captopril, carbamazepine, carbidopa, Carbidopa and Levodopa, carboplatin, carisoprodol, carteolol, carvedilol, caspofungin acetate, cefaclor, centrophenoxine, cetuximab, chlorambucil, chlordiazepoxide, chloroform, chloropyramine, chlorothiazide, chlorpheniramine, chlorpropamide, chlorpromazine, chlorthalidone, chlorzoxazone, choline magnesium trisalicylate, ciclesonide, cilastatin, cilostazol, cimetidine, cinacalcet, cinoxacin, citalopram, cladribine, clarithromycin, clemastine, clofarabine, clofibrate, Clomifene, clomipramine, clonazepam, clonidine, clopidogrel, clorazepate, clozapine, co-trimoxazole, codeine, colistimethate, colofac, Crizotinib, cyanocobalamin, cyclobenzaprine, Cycloserine, cyclosporine, cyproheptadine, dacarbazine, dactinomycin, dalteparin, Dalfampridine, dantrolene, daptomycin, darbepoetin, desipramine, desloratadine, Desmopressin, desoxyn, dexamethasone, dexmethylphenidate, dextroamphetamine, dextromethorphan, dezocine, diampromide, diazepam, dicofol, dicyclomine, didanosine, diethylcathinone, diethylpropion, diflunisal, digoxin, dihydroetorphine, diltiazem, dimenoxadol, dinoprostone, dioxaphetyl butyrate, Diphenhydramine, Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis (DTaP) vaccine, dipyridamole, disopyramide, dobutamine, docetaxel, dofetilide, dolasetron, donepezil, dothiepin, doxazosin, doxepin, duloxetine, Dutasteride and Tamsulosin hydrochloride, Epinephrine (aerosol), Eslicarbazepine acetate, efavirenz, eletriptan, emtricitabine, enalapril, enfuvirtide, enoxacin, entacapone, entecavir, ephedrine, eplerenone, epoetin,Eliglustat, ergotamine , escitalopram, estazolam, Ethosuximide, Ethynodiol diacetate and ethinyl estradiol, estrogen, eszopiclone, etanercept, ethcathinone, ethchlorvynol, ethoheptazine, ethosuximide, ethotoin, etodolac, etoposide, exemestane, exenatide, ezetimibe, ezogabine, famotidine, felodipine, fenofibrate, fenoprofen, fentanyl,fesoterodine, fexofenadine, fioricet, flavoxate, floxuridine, fluconazole, fludrocortisone acetate, flunitrazepam, flurazepam, Flurbiprofen, fluticasone, fluvoxamine, formoterol, fosamprenavir, fosinopril,Fosfomycin, Fosphenytoin sodium

frovatriptan, fulvestrant, furosemide, gabapentin, galantamine, ganciclovir, gatifloxacin, gemcitabine hydrochloride, gemeprost, gemfibrozil, gentamicin, glatiramer, glimepiride, glipizide, glutaraldehyde, glyburide, Glyburide and Metformin, glycopyrrolate, granisetron, green tobacco sickness grifulvin V, griseofulvin, guanabenz, guanethidine, guanfacine, gyromitrin, H2 antagonist, hydrochlorothiazide, hydrocodone, Hydrocodone bitartrate and Homatropine methylbromide, hydrocortisone, hydromorphone, hydroxychloroquine, hydroxyzine, hyoscyamine, Hydrocodone bitartrate and acetaminophen, ibandronate, idarubicin, ifosfamide, iloperidone, imatinib, imiglucerase, imipenem, imipramine, immune globulin, indapamide, indinavir, indomethacin, infliximab, influenza vaccine, inactivated, influenza vaccine, live, insulin lispro, interferon alfa-2a, interferon alfa-2b, interferon alfacon-1, interferon beta-1a, iodomethane, ipratropium, irbesartan, isocarboxazid, isopropyl alcohol, isoproterenol, isosorbide, isoxsuprine, isradipine, itraconazole, ivabradine, Ivacaftor, Ivermectin, kaopectate, ketorolac, labetalol, lacosamide, lamivudine, lamotrigine, lanthanum, leflunomide, Lenalidomide, Letrozole, leuprolide, levalbuterol, levetiracetam, levobupivacaine, levodopa, levofloxacin, levomethadyl, Levonorgestrel, levorphanol, lidocaine, lindane, lisinopril, lithium, Lorcaserin, Lomefloxacin hydrochloride, lomotil, lomustine, loperamide, loratadine, lorazepam, losartan, loxapine, lysuride, magnesium gluconate, magnesium oxide, Maraviroc, mechlorethamine, medroxyprogesterone, mefenamic acid, mefloquine, megestrol, melphalan, memantine, meperidine, mercaptopurine, meropenem, mesoridazine, metaproterenol, metaxalone, metethoheptazine, metformin, metheptazine, methimazole, methocarbamol, methotrexate, methoxsalen, methyclothiazide, methylergonovine, methylphenidate, methylprednisolone, methyprylon, metipranolol, metoclopramide, metolazone, metoprolol, metronidazole, mexiletine, Meprobamate, mifepristone, miglitol, Milnacipran hydrochloride, minocycline hydrochloride, minoxidil, mitomycin, modafinil, moexipril, moricizine, morphine, motofen, moxonidine, mycophenolate, n-ethyl-3-piperidyl benzilate, n-methyl-3-piperidyl benzilate, nabilone, nabumetone, nadolol, nalbuphine, nalmefene, naloxone, naltrexone, naratriptan, natalizumab, Naproxen sodium, nateglinide, nebivolol, nelfinavir, nevirapine, niaprazine, nicardipine, nicotine gum, nicotine lozenges, nifedipine, nilutamide, nimodipine, nisoldipine, nitrazepam, Nitroglycerin, nitrous oxide, nizatidine, norethindrone, ofloxacin, olanzapine, olmesartan, omalizumab, omeprazole, ondansetron, Oprelvekin, orphenadrine, oseltamivir, oxacillin, oxaliplatin, oxazepam, oxcarbazepine, oxybutynin, paclitaxel, paliperidone, permethrin, pamidronate, Pantoprazole, paroxetine, pegaspargase, peginterferon alfa-2a, peginterferon alfa-2b, pemetrexed, pemoline, penbutolol, pentamidine, pentazocine, pentosan polysulfate, pentostatin, pentoxifylline, Perampanel, pergolide, perhexiline, perindopril, perphenazine, phenampromide, phenazepam, phenazopyridine, phenelzine, phenobarbital, phenoxybenzamine, phentermine, phenylephrine, phenytoin, pholcodine, pilocarpine, pimozide, pindolol, Pirfenidone, pioglitazone, pirbuterol, piribedil, piroxicam, pizotifen, Plerixafor, plicamycin, Polidocanol, PolymyxinB, posaconazole, pramipexole, pramlintide, prazepam, praziquantel, prazosin, pregabalin, primaquine, probenecid, procainamide, procarbazine, Prochlorperazine, Progesterone, proheptazine, promethazine, propafenone, propantheline, propiram, propoxyphene, propranolol, propylthiouracil, Protirelin, protriptyline, pseudoephedrine, Pyrantel pamoate, quazepam, quetiapine, quinapril, quinethazone, quinidine, quinoline, rabeprazole, ramelteon, ramipril, ranibizumab, ranitidine, ranolazine, rasagiline, reboxetine, remifentanil, repaglinide, reserpine, ribavirin, rifaximin, riluzole, risedronate, risperidone, ritonavir, rituximab, rivastigmine, rizatriptan, roflumilast, ropinirole, ropivacaine, rosiglitazone, rosuvastatin, Rotigotine, roxithromycin, Rufinamide, Ruxolitinib salmeterol, salsalate, saquinavir, sargramostim, scopolamine, Secobarbital sodium, selegiline, sibutramine, sildenafil, sitaxsentan, sodium oxybate, sodium stibogluconate, solifenacin, sotalol, sparfloxacin, spironolactone, stimulant laxatives, sulfadiazine, sulfisoxazole, sulindac, sulprostone, sumatriptan, tamoxifen, tamsulosin, tapentadol, tegaserod, tedizolid, telbivudine, telithromycin, telmisartan, temazepam, temozolomide, teniposide, terbutaline, teriparatide, testosterone, tetrabenazine, tetrahydrocannabinol, Thalidomide, thiabendazole, thioridazine hydrochloride, ThioTEPA, thiothixene, tiagabine, tianeptine, ticarcillin, tiludronate, timolol, tinidazole, tizanidine, tocainide, tolazamide, tolbutamide, tolcapone, topiramate, topotecan hydrochloride, torsemide, tralomethrin, tramadol, trandolapril, tranylcypromine, trastuzumab, trazodone, treprostinil, Tretinoin, triamcinolone, triamterene, triazolam, trichloroethylene, triclofos, tricyclic antidepressant, trifluoperazine, trihexyphenidyl, trimeprazine, trimetazidine, trimethobenzamide, trimetrexate glucuronate, trimipramine, tripelennamine, tropisetron, trovafloxacin mesylate, valaciclovir, valganciclovir, valproic acid, valsartan, vancomycin, vardenafil, venlafaxine, verapamil, vicodin, vigabatrin, Vilazodone, vinyl chloride, Von Willebrand factor, voriconazole, vorinostat, Vortioxetine, zaleplon, zanamivir, ziconotide, zidovudine, zileuton, ziprasidone, zoledronic, zolmitriptan, zolpidem, zonisamide, zopiclone

Ear Nose Throat Balance disorder, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, labyrinthitis, Ménière's disease, otitis externa, superior canal dehiscence, vertigo, vestibular neuronitis
Endocrine No underlying causes
Environmental Multiple chemical sensitivity, sick building syndrome
Gastroenterologic Food intolerance, gastric dumping syndrome, proctitis, staphylococcal enteritis
Genetic Chediak-Higashi disease
Hematologic Haemochromatosis, leukemia, methemoglobinemia, polycythemia
Iatrogenic No underlying causes
Infectious Disease Ebola hemorrhagic fever, giardia lamblia, group A streptococcal infection, hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, infectious mononucleosis, marburg hemorrhagic fever, rift valley fever, tularemia, yellow fever
Musculoskeletal / Ortho Cervical spondylosis
Neurologic Arnold-Chiari malformation, multi-infarct dementia, multiple sclerosis, multiple system atrophy, neuroglycopenia, Parkinson's disease, posterior inferior cerebellar artery syndrome, pure autonomic failure, subdural hematoma, syringobulbia, transient ischaemic attack
Nutritional / Metabolic Hypervitaminosis A, hypoglycemia, thiamine (Vitamin B1) deficiency
Obstetric/Gynecologic Aortocaval compression syndrome, pregnancy
Oncologic Adrenal metastases, colorectal cancer, medulloblastoma
Ophthalmologic Aneisokonia, bifocals, Cogan syndrome, oscillopsia, tunnel vision
Overdose / Toxicity Acetylsalicylic acid alfuzosin , aliskiren , atropine, acetylene, aniline, benztropine Mesylate, benzylpiperazine, bortezomib, buspirone, darbepoetin alfa, didanosine, doxazosin, eugenol, fenoprofen, fluticasone, ganciclovir, grayanotoxin, hydrogen sulfide, metolachlor, midazolam, nicotine lozenges, oxygen toxicity, pimozide
Psychiatric Algophobia, panic disorder, Stendhal syndrome
Pulmonary Hyperventilation syndrome, respiratory alkalosis
Renal / Electrolyte Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome
Rheum / Immune / Allergy Takayasu arteritis, systemic lupus erythematosus
Sexual Coital cephalalgia, emergency contraception
Trauma Concussion, post-concussion syndrome, suspension trauma
Urologic Testicular torsion
Miscellaneous Altitude sickness, chronic fatigue syndrome, chronic mountain sickness, cinchonism, decompression sickness, dehydration, gulf war syndrome, hypotension, Mal de debarquement, motion sickness, orthostatic hypotension, shock, sleep deprivation, syncope

Dizziness causes developed by WikiDoc.org

Causes in Alphabetical Order

Dizziness causes developed by WikiDoc.org

References

  1. Kim AS, Sidney S, Klingman JG, Johnston SC (2012). "Practice variation in neuroimaging to evaluate dizziness in the ED". Am J Emerg Med. 30 (5): 665–72. doi:10.1016/j.ajem.2011.02.038. PMC 4560264. PMID 21570240.
  2. Keleş A, Demircan A, Kurtoğlu G (2008). "Carbon monoxide poisoning: how many patients do we miss?". Eur J Emerg Med. 15 (3): 154–7. doi:10.1097/MEJ.0b013e3282efd519. PMID 18460956.
  3. Lempert T, Olesen J, Furman J, Waterston J, Seemungal B, Carey J; et al. (2012). "Vestibular migraine: diagnostic criteria". J Vestib Res. 22 (4): 167–72. doi:10.3233/VES-2012-0453. PMID 23142830.
  4. Gilbert VE (1993). "Immediate orthostatic hypotension: diagnostic value in acutely ill patients". South Med J. 86 (9): 1028–32. PMID 8367748.
  5. Lawson J, Johnson I, Bamiou DE, Newton JL (2005). "Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo: clinical characteristics of dizzy patients referred to a Falls and Syncope Unit". QJM. 98 (5): 357–64. doi:10.1093/qjmed/hci057. PMID 15820968.
  6. Sarasin FP, Louis-Simonet M, Carballo D, Slama S, Junod AF, Unger PF (2002). "Prevalence of orthostatic hypotension among patients presenting with syncope in the ED". Am J Emerg Med. 20 (6): 497–501. doi:10.1053/ajem.2002.34964. PMID 12369019.
  7. Newman-Toker DE, Edlow JA (2015). "TiTrATE: A Novel, Evidence-Based Approach to Diagnosing Acute Dizziness and Vertigo". Neurol Clin. 33 (3): 577–99, viii. doi:10.1016/j.ncl.2015.04.011. PMC 4522574. PMID 26231273.

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