Dizziness

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Dizziness Microchapters

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Patient Information

Overview

Classification

Pathophysiology

Causes

Differentiating Dizziness from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

Diagnosis

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings

Electrocardiogram

CT

MRI

Echocardiography

Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies

Treatment

Medical Therapy

Surgery

Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Case #1

Dizziness On the Web

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Risk calculators and risk factors for Dizziness

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: M.Umer Tariq [2]; Vendhan Ramanujam M.B.B.S; Norina Usman, M.B.B.S[3]

Synonyms and Keywords: Disequilibrium; Vertigo; Unsteadiness; Lightheadedness; Disorientation in space; dizzy; floating; giddiness; giddy; reeling; spaced out; swimmy; weak at the knees; wobbliness; wooziness

Overview

Dizziness is a sensation of postural unsteadiness or deceptive motion. It is one of the most communal presenting complaints that accounts for 5% of primary care practice for individuals aged 65 or older. Dizziness is a nonspecific term mainly used by many people and is classified into different categories: vertigo, spinning, disequilibrium, giddiness, presyncope, faintness, lightheadedness, or feeling woozy.

Definition

Causes

Common causes of dizziness may include[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]:

Medications

Differentiating Dizziness from other Diseases

Vertigo | Presyncope | Disequilibrium | Psychogenic dizziness

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Risk Factors

Common risk factors in the development of dizziness include[8][9][10]:

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

Diagnosis

History and Symptoms | Physical Examination | Laboratory Findings | Electrocardiogram | CT | MRI | Echocardiography | Other Imaging Findings | Other Diagnostic Studies

Treatment

Medical Therapy | Surgery | Primary Prevention | Secondary Prevention | Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy | Future or Investigational Therapies Template:WH

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  1. Kim AS, Sidney S, Klingman JG, Johnston SC (2012). "Practice variation in neuroimaging to evaluate dizziness in the ED". Am J Emerg Med. 30 (5): 665–72. doi:10.1016/j.ajem.2011.02.038. PMC 4560264. PMID 21570240.
  2. Keleş A, Demircan A, Kurtoğlu G (2008). "Carbon monoxide poisoning: how many patients do we miss?". Eur J Emerg Med. 15 (3): 154–7. doi:10.1097/MEJ.0b013e3282efd519. PMID 18460956.
  3. Lempert T, Olesen J, Furman J, Waterston J, Seemungal B, Carey J; et al. (2012). "Vestibular migraine: diagnostic criteria". J Vestib Res. 22 (4): 167–72. doi:10.3233/VES-2012-0453. PMID 23142830.
  4. Gilbert VE (1993). "Immediate orthostatic hypotension: diagnostic value in acutely ill patients". South Med J. 86 (9): 1028–32. PMID 8367748.
  5. Lawson J, Johnson I, Bamiou DE, Newton JL (2005). "Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo: clinical characteristics of dizzy patients referred to a Falls and Syncope Unit". QJM. 98 (5): 357–64. doi:10.1093/qjmed/hci057. PMID 15820968.
  6. Sarasin FP, Louis-Simonet M, Carballo D, Slama S, Junod AF, Unger PF (2002). "Prevalence of orthostatic hypotension among patients presenting with syncope in the ED". Am J Emerg Med. 20 (6): 497–501. doi:10.1053/ajem.2002.34964. PMID 12369019.
  7. Newman-Toker DE, Edlow JA (2015). "TiTrATE: A Novel, Evidence-Based Approach to Diagnosing Acute Dizziness and Vertigo". Neurol Clin. 33 (3): 577–99, viii. doi:10.1016/j.ncl.2015.04.011. PMC 4522574. PMID 26231273.
  8. Rosin C, Bingisser R (2013). "[Not Available]". Ther Umsch. 70 (1): 27–9. doi:10.1024/0040-5930/a000359. PMID 23385126.
  9. Chimirri S, Aiello R, Mazzitello C, Mumoli L, Palleria C, Altomonte M; et al. (2013). "Vertigo/dizziness as a Drugs' adverse reaction". J Pharmacol Pharmacother. 4 (Suppl 1): S104–9. doi:10.4103/0976-500X.120969. PMC 3853661. PMID 24347974.
  10. Shill HA, Fife TD (2013). "Causes of imbalance and abnormal gait that may be misdiagnosed". Semin Neurol. 33 (3): 270–5. doi:10.1055/s-0033-1354601. PMID 24057830.