Galanin receptor 3

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External IDsGeneCards: [1]
RefSeq (mRNA)



RefSeq (protein)



Location (UCSC)n/an/a
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Galanin receptor 3 (GAL3) is a G-protein coupled receptor encoded by the GALR3 gene.[1]


The neuropeptide galanin modulates a variety of physiologic processes including cognition/memory, sensory/pain processing, hormone secretion, and feeding behavior. The human galanin receptors are G protein-coupled receptors that functionally couple to their intracellular effector through distinct signaling pathways. GALR3 is found in many tissues and may be expressed as 1.4-, 2.4-, and 5-kb transcripts[1]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Entrez Gene: GALR3 galanin receptor 3".

Further reading

  • Smith KE, Walker MW, Artymyshyn R, Bard J, Borowsky B, Tamm JA, Yao WJ, Vaysse PJ, Branchek TA, Gerald C, Jones KA (Sep 1998). "Cloned human and rat galanin GALR3 receptors. Pharmacology and activation of G-protein inwardly rectifying K+ channels". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 273 (36): 23321–6. doi:10.1074/jbc.273.36.23321. PMID 9722565.
  • Kolakowski LF, O'Neill GP, Howard AD, Broussard SR, Sullivan KA, Feighner SD, Sawzdargo M, Nguyen T, Kargman S, Shiao LL, Hreniuk DL, Tan CP, Evans J, Abramovitz M, Chateauneuf A, Coulombe N, Ng G, Johnson MP, Tharian A, Khoshbouei H, George SR, Smith RG, O'Dowd BF (Dec 1998). "Molecular characterization and expression of cloned human galanin receptors GALR2 and GALR3". Journal of Neurochemistry. 71 (6): 2239–51. doi:10.1046/j.1471-4159.1998.71062239.x. PMID 9832121.
  • Iismaa TP, Fathi Z, Hort YJ, Iben LG, Dutton JL, Baker E, Sutherland GR, Shine J (Dec 1998). "Structural organization and chromosomal localization of three human galanin receptor genes". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 863: 56–63. doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.1998.tb10683.x. PMID 9928159.
  • Lapsys NM, Furler SM, Henderson NK, Dutton JL, Hort YJ, Eisman JA, Shine J, Iismaa TP (Aug 1999). "A polymorphism in the human GALR3 galanin receptor gene (GALNR3)". Molecular and Cellular Probes. 13 (4): 325–7. doi:10.1006/mcpr.1999.0254. PMID 10441207.
  • Dunham I, Shimizu N, Roe BA, Chissoe S, Hunt AR, Collins JE, Bruskiewich R, Beare DM, Clamp M, Smink LJ, Ainscough R, Almeida JP, Babbage A, Bagguley C, Bailey J, Barlow K, Bates KN, Beasley O, Bird CP, Blakey S, Bridgeman AM, Buck D, Burgess J, Burrill WD, O'Brien KP (Dec 1999). "The DNA sequence of human chromosome 22". Nature. 402 (6761): 489–95. doi:10.1038/990031. PMID 10591208.
  • Berger A, Tuechler C, Almer D, Kogner P, Ratschek M, Kerbl R, Iismaa TP, Jones N, Sperl W, Kofler B (Feb 2002). "Elevated expression of galanin receptors in childhood neuroblastic tumors". Neuroendocrinology. 75 (2): 130–8. doi:10.1159/000048229. PMID 11867941.
  • Belfer I, Hipp H, Bollettino A, McKnight C, Evans C, Virkkunen M, Albaugh B, Max MB, Goldman D, Enoch MA (Jul 2007). "Alcoholism is associated with GALR3 but not two other galanin receptor genes". Genes, Brain, and Behavior. 6 (5): 473–81. doi:10.1111/j.1601-183X.2006.00275.x. PMID 17083333.
  • Runesson J, Sollenberg UE, Jurkowski W, Yazdi S, Eriksson EE, Elofsson A, Langel U (Dec 2010). "Determining receptor-ligand interaction of human galanin receptor type 3". Neurochemistry International. 57 (7): 804–11. doi:10.1016/j.neuint.2010.08.018. PMID 20817064.

External links

  • "Galanin Receptors: GAL3". IUPHAR Database of Receptors and Ion Channels. International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology.

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.