Adenosine A2B receptor

Jump to navigation Jump to search
External IDsGeneCards: [1]
RefSeq (mRNA)



RefSeq (protein)



Location (UCSC)n/an/a
PubMed searchn/an/a
View/Edit Human

The adenosine A2B receptor, also known as ADORA2B, is a G-protein coupled adenosine receptor, and also denotes the human adenosine A2b receptor gene which encodes it.[1]


This integral membrane protein stimulates adenylate cyclase activity in the presence of adenosine. This protein also interacts with netrin-1, which is involved in axon elongation.


The gene is located near the Smith-Magenis syndrome region on chromosome 17.[1]


Research into selective A2B ligands has lagged somewhat behind the development of ligands for the other three adenosine receptor subtypes, but a number of A2B-selective compounds have now been developed,[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11] and research into their potential therapeutic applications is ongoing.[12][13][14][15][16][17]


  • BAY 60-6583
  • NECA (N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine)
  • (S)-PHPNECA - high affinity and efficacy at A2B, but poor selectivity over other adenosine receptor subtypes
  • LUF-5835
  • LUF-5845 - partial agonist

Antagonists and inverse agonists

  • Compound 38:[18] antagonist, high affinity and good subtype selectivity
  • ATL-801
  • CVT-6883
  • MRS-1706
  • MRS-1754
  • OSIP-339,391
  • PSB-603
  • PSB-0788
  • PSB-1115


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Entrez Gene: ADORA2B adenosine A2b receptor".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Volpini R, Costanzi S, Lambertucci C, Taffi S, Vittori S, Klotz KN, Cristalli G (July 2002). "N(6)-alkyl-2-alkynyl derivatives of adenosine as potent and selective agonists at the human adenosine A(3) receptor and a starting point for searching A(2B) ligands". Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 45 (15): 3271–9. doi:10.1021/jm0109762. PMID 12109910.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Volpini R, Costanzi S, Lambertucci C, Vittori S, Cristalli G (2002). "Purine nucleosides bearing 1-alkynyl chains as adenosine receptor agonists". Current Pharmaceutical Design. 8 (26): 2285–98. doi:10.2174/1381612023392856. PMID 12369946. Archived from the original on 2013-04-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Baraldi PG, Tabrizi MA, Preti D, Bovero A, Romagnoli R, Fruttarolo F, Zaid NA, Moorman AR, Varani K, Gessi S, Merighi S, Borea PA (March 2004). "Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of new 8-heterocyclic xanthine derivatives as highly potent and selective human A2B adenosine receptor antagonists". Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 47 (6): 1434–47. doi:10.1021/jm0309654. PMID 14998332.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Cacciari B, Pastorin G, Bolcato C, Spalluto G, Bacilieri M, Moro S (December 2005). "A2B adenosine receptor antagonists: recent developments". Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry. 5 (12): 1053–60. doi:10.2174/138955705774933374. PMID 16375751. Archived from the original on 2013-04-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Baraldi PG, Romagnoli R, Preti D, Fruttarolo F, Carrion MD, Tabrizi MA (2006). "Ligands for A2B adenosine receptor subtype". Current Medicinal Chemistry. 13 (28): 3467–82. doi:10.2174/092986706779010306. PMID 17168717. Archived from the original on 2013-04-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Beukers MW, Meurs I, Ijzerman AP (September 2006). "Structure-affinity relationships of adenosine A2B receptor ligands". Medicinal Research Reviews. 26 (5): 667–98. doi:10.1002/med.20069. PMID 16847822.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Elzein E, Kalla R, Li X, Perry T, Parkhill E, Palle V, Varkhedkar V, Gimbel A, Zeng D, Lustig D, Leung K, Zablocki J (January 2006). "Novel 1,3-dipropyl-8-(1-heteroarylmethyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-xanthine derivatives as high affinity and selective A2B adenosine receptor antagonists". Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters. 16 (2): 302–6. doi:10.1016/j.bmcl.2005.10.002. PMID 16275090.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Carotti A, Cadavid MI, Centeno NB, Esteve C, Loza MI, Martinez A, Nieto R, Raviña E, Sanz F, Segarra V, Sotelo E, Stefanachi A, Vidal B (January 2006). "Design, synthesis, and structure-activity relationships of 1-,3-,8-, and 9-substituted-9-deazaxanthines at the human A2B adenosine receptor". Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 49 (1): 282–99. doi:10.1021/jm0506221. PMID 16392813.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Tabrizi MA, Baraldi PG, Preti D, Romagnoli R, Saponaro G, Baraldi S, Moorman AR, Zaid AN, Varani K, Borea PA (March 2008). "1,3-Dipropyl-8-(1-phenylacetamide-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-xanthine derivatives as highly potent and selective human A(2B) adenosine receptor antagonists". Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry. 16 (5): 2419–30. doi:10.1016/j.bmc.2007.11.058. PMID 18077171.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. Stefanachi A, Brea JM, Cadavid MI, Centeno NB, Esteve C, Loza MI, Martinez A, Nieto R, Raviña E, Sanz F, Segarra V, Sotelo E, Vidal B, Carotti A (March 2008). "1-, 3- and 8-substituted-9-deazaxanthines as potent and selective antagonists at the human A2B adenosine receptor". Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry. 16 (6): 2852–69. doi:10.1016/j.bmc.2008.01.002. PMID 18226909.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. Volpini R, Costanzi S, Vittori S, Cristalli G, Klotz KN (2003). "Medicinal chemistry and pharmacology of A2B adenosine receptors". Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry. 3 (4): 427–43. doi:10.2174/1568026033392264. PMID 12570760. Archived from the original on 2013-04-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Gao ZG, Jacobson KA (September 2007). "Emerging adenosine receptor agonists". Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs. 12 (3): 479–92. doi:10.1517/14728214.12.3.479. PMID 17874974.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. Kolachala V, Ruble B, Vijay-Kumar M, Wang L, Mwangi S, Figler H, Figler R, Srinivasan S, Gewirtz A, Linden J, Merlin D, Sitaraman S (September 2008). "Blockade of adenosine A2B receptors ameliorates murine colitis". British Journal of Pharmacology. 155 (1): 127–37. doi:10.1038/bjp.2008.227. PMC 2440087. PMID 18536750.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. Haskó G, Linden J, Cronstein B, Pacher P (September 2008). "Adenosine receptors: therapeutic aspects for inflammatory and immune diseases". Nature Reviews Drug Discovery. 7 (9): 759–70. doi:10.1038/nrd2638. PMC 2568887. PMID 18758473.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. Ham J, Rees DA (December 2008). "The adenosine a2b receptor: its role in inflammation". Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets. 8 (4): 244–54. doi:10.2174/187153008786848303. PMID 19075778. Archived from the original on 2013-04-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. Kim MO, Kim MH, Lee SH, Suh HN, Lee YJ, Lee MY, Han HJ (June 2009). "5'-N-ethylcarboxamide induces IL-6 expression via MAPKs and NF-kappaB activation through Akt, Ca(2+)/PKC, cAMP signaling pathways in mouse embryonic stem cells". Journal of Cellular Physiology. 219 (3): 752–9. doi:10.1002/jcp.21721. PMID 19194991.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. Stefanachi A, Nicolotti O, Leonetti F, et al. (2008). "1,3-Dialkyl-8-(hetero)aryl-9-OH-9-deazaxanthines as potent A(2B) adenosine receptor antagonists: Design, synthesis, structure-affinity and structure-selectivity relationships". Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry. 16 (22): 9780–9. doi:10.1016/j.bmc.2008.09.067. PMID 18938084.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Further reading

<templatestyles src="Refbegin/styles.css" />

  • Stiles GL (1992). "Adenosine receptors". J. Biol. Chem. 267 (10): 6451–4. PMID 1551861.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Pierce KD, Furlong TJ, Selbie LA, Shine J (1992). "Molecular cloning and expression of an adenosine A2b receptor from human brain". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 187 (1): 86–93. doi:10.1016/S0006-291X(05)81462-7. PMID 1325798.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Li Q, Han X, Lan X, Hong X, Li Q, Gao Y, Luo T, Yang Q, Koehler RC, Zhai Y, Zhou J, Wang J (2017). "Inhibition of tPA-induced hemorrhagic transformation involves adenosine A2b receptor activation after cerebral ischemia". Neurobiology of Disease. 108: 173–182. doi:10.1016/j.nbd.2017.08.011. PMC 5675803. PMID 28830843.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Jacobson MA, Johnson RG, Luneau CJ, Salvatore CA (1995). "Cloning and chromosomal localization of the human A2b adenosine receptor gene (ADORA2B) and its pseudogene". Genomics. 27 (2): 374–6. doi:10.1006/geno.1995.1061. PMID 7558011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Townsend-Nicholson A, Baker E, Sutherland GR, Schofield PR (1995). "Localization of the adenosine A2b receptor subtype gene (ADORA2B) to chromosome 17p11.2-p12 by FISH and PCR screening of somatic cell hybrids". Genomics. 25 (2): 605–7. doi:10.1016/0888-7543(95)80074-V. PMID 7790006.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Strohmeier GR, Reppert SM, Lencer WI, Madara JL (1995). "The A2b adenosine receptor mediates cAMP responses to adenosine receptor agonists in human intestinal epithelia". J. Biol. Chem. 270 (5): 2387–94. doi:10.1074/jbc.270.5.2387. PMID 7836474.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Feoktistov I, Murray JJ, Biaggioni I (1994). "Positive modulation of intracellular Ca2+ levels by adenosine A2b receptors, prostacyclin, and prostaglandin E1 via a cholera toxin-sensitive mechanism in human erythroleukemia cells". Mol. Pharmacol. 45 (6): 1160–7. PMID 8022409.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Mirabet M, Herrera C, Cordero OJ, et al. (1999). "Expression of A2B adenosine receptors in human lymphocytes: their role in T cell activation". J. Cell Sci. 112 (4): 491–502. PMID 9914161.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Feoktistov I, Goldstein AE, Biaggioni I (1999). "Role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase kinase in adenosine A2B receptor-mediated interleukin-8 production in human mast cells". Mol. Pharmacol. 55 (4): 726–34. PMID 10101031.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Corset V, Nguyen-Ba-Charvet KT, Forcet C, et al. (2000). "Netrin-1-mediated axon outgrowth and cAMP production requires interaction with adenosine A2b receptor". Nature. 407 (6805): 747–50. doi:10.1038/35037600. PMID 11048721.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Herrera C, Casadó V, Ciruela F, et al. (2001). "Adenosine A2B receptors behave as an alternative anchoring protein for cell surface adenosine deaminase in lymphocytes and cultured cells". Mol. Pharmacol. 59 (1): 127–34. PMID 11125033.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Christofi FL, Zhang H, Yu JG, et al. (2001). "Differential gene expression of adenosine A1, A2a, A2b, and A3 receptors in the human enteric nervous system". J. Comp. Neurol. 439 (1): 46–64. doi:10.1002/cne.1334. PMID 11579381.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Hayallah AM, Sandoval-Ramírez J, Reith U, et al. (2002). "1,8-disubstituted xanthine derivatives: synthesis of potent A2B-selective adenosine receptor antagonists". J. Med. Chem. 45 (7): 1500–10. doi:10.1021/jm011049y. PMID 11906291.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Sitaraman SV, Wang L, Wong M, et al. (2002). "The adenosine 2b receptor is recruited to the plasma membrane and associates with E3KARP and Ezrin upon agonist stimulation". J. Biol. Chem. 277 (36): 33188–95. doi:10.1074/jbc.M202522200. PMID 12080047.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Strausberg RL, Feingold EA, Grouse LH, et al. (2003). "Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 99 (26): 16899–903. doi:10.1073/pnas.242603899. PMC 139241. PMID 12477932.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Feoktistov I, Ryzhov S, Goldstein AE, Biaggioni I (2003). "Mast cell-mediated stimulation of angiogenesis: cooperative interaction between A2B and A3 adenosine receptors". Circ. Res. 92 (5): 485–92. doi:10.1161/01.RES.0000061572.10929.2D. PMID 12600879.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Eltzschig HK, Ibla JC, Furuta GT, et al. (2003). "Coordinated adenine nucleotide phosphohydrolysis and nucleoside signaling in posthypoxic endothelium: role of ectonucleotidases and adenosine A2B receptors". J. Exp. Med. 198 (5): 783–96. doi:10.1084/jem.20030891. PMC 2194189. PMID 12939345.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Ryzhov S, Goldstein AE, Matafonov A, et al. (2004). "Adenosine-activated mast cells induce IgE synthesis by B lymphocytes: an A2B-mediated process involving Th2 cytokines IL-4 and IL-13 with implications for asthma". J. Immunol. 172 (12): 7726–33. doi:10.4049/jimmunol.172.12.7726. PMID 15187156.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, et al. (2004). "The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC)". Genome Res. 14 (10B): 2121–7. doi:10.1101/gr.2596504. PMC 528928. PMID 15489334.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Kolachala V, Asamoah V, Wang L, et al. (2005). "Interferon-gamma down-regulates adenosine 2b receptor-mediated signaling and short circuit current in the intestinal epithelia by inhibiting the expression of adenylate cyclase". J. Biol. Chem. 280 (6): 4048–57. doi:10.1074/jbc.M409577200. PMID 15550390.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links