|Symbol||CTF1, CT1, CT-1|
|Locus||Chr. 16 p11.2-16p11.1|
Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1) is a cytokine. It is a cardiac hypertrophic factor of 21.5 kDa and a protein member of the IL-6 cytokine family.
CT-1 is associated with the pathophysiology of heart diseases, including hypertension, myocardial infarction, valvular heart disease, and congestive heart failure.
Mode of action
The protein exerts its cellular effects by interacting with the glycoprotein 130 (gp130)/leukemia inhibitory factor receptor beta (LIFR) heterodimer. In addition, CT-1 activates phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI-3 kinase) in cardiac myocytes and enhances transcription factor NF-κB DNA -binding activities.
CT-1 is highly expressed in the heart, skeletal muscle, prostate and ovary and to lower levels in lung, kidney, pancreas, thymus, testis and small intestine. 
- ↑ "Recombinant human Cardiotrophin 1 protein (ab9838)". www.abcam.com. Retrieved 2017-08-09.
- cardiotrophin+1 at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)
- Irving, Michael (August 8, 2017). "The protein that can make your heart think you exercise". newatlas.com. Retrieved 2017-08-09.
|This article on a gene on human chromosome 16 is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|