Menopause classification

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Rahmah Al-Edresi, M.D.[2]


Menopause is classified according to causes into three types including natural menopause, premature menopause/early menopause, and induced menopause. Natural menopause, does not happen suddenly, but it passes through 3 stages include perimenopause, premenopause, and postmenopause. Premature menopause because of premature ovarian failure and several medical diseases. Induced menopause because of bilateral oophorectomy, salpingo-oophorectomy, and hysterectomy. in addition to complication of chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

Classification of Menopause

Menopause is classified according to causes into three types :

Physiological Menopause

Physiological menopause is amenorrhea, it passes gradually through 3 stages until it reaches the permanent cessation of the menstrual cycle

Premature Menopause/Early menopause

Surgical/Induced Menopause


  1. Cheung AM, Chaudhry R, Kapral M, Jackevicius C, Robinson G (2004). "Perimenopausal and Postmenopausal Health". BMC Womens Health. 4 Suppl 1: S23. doi:10.1186/1472-6874-4-S1-S23. PMC 2096694. PMID 15345086.
  2. Shuster LT, Rhodes DJ, Gostout BS, Grossardt BR, Rocca WA (2010). "Premature menopause or early menopause: long-term health consequences". Maturitas. 65 (2): 161–6. doi:10.1016/j.maturitas.2009.08.003. PMC 2815011. PMID 19733988.
  3. Okeke T, Anyaehie U, Ezenyeaku C (2013). "Premature menopause". Ann Med Health Sci Res. 3 (1): 90–5. PMC 3634232.
  4. Secoșan C, Balint O, Pirtea L, Grigoraș D, Bălulescu L, Ilina R (2019). "Surgically Induced Menopause-A Practical Review of Literature". Medicina (Kaunas). 55 (8). doi:10.3390/medicina55080482. PMC 6722518 Check |pmc= value (help). PMID 31416275.

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