Mucormycosis causes

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Mucormycosis Microchapters

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Patient Information

Overview

Historical Perspective

Classification

Pathophysiology

Causes

Differentiating Mucormycosis from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Screening

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

Diagnosis

Diagnostic Criteria

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings

X Ray

CT

MRI

Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies

Treatment

Medical Therapy

Surgery

Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Syed Hassan A. Kazmi BSc, MD [2]

Overview

Rhizopus and mucor species are by far the most common causes of mucormycosis but there may be other fungi that lead to development of the disease.

Causes

Common Causes

The different types of fungi causing mucormycosis include :[1][2][3]

  • Rhizopus species
  • Mucor species
  • Lichtheimia (formerly Absidia)
  • Rhizomucor

Less Common causes[4][5][6]

  • Cunninghamella bertholletiae
  • Apophysomyces
  • Saksenaea
  • Rhizopodiformis
  • Absidia corymbifera
  • Rhizomucor pusillus
  • Syncephalastrum
  • Cokeromyces
  • Mortierella

References

  1. Richardson M (2009). "The ecology of the Zygomycetes and its impact on environmental exposure". Clin. Microbiol. Infect. 15 Suppl 5: 2–9. doi:10.1111/j.1469-0691.2009.02972.x. PMID 19754749.
  2. Roden MM, Zaoutis TE, Buchanan WL, Knudsen TA, Sarkisova TA, Schaufele RL, Sein M, Sein T, Chiou CC, Chu JH, Kontoyiannis DP, Walsh TJ (2005). "Epidemiology and outcome of zygomycosis: a review of 929 reported cases". Clin. Infect. Dis. 41 (5): 634–53. doi:10.1086/432579. PMID 16080086.
  3. Spellberg B, Edwards J, Ibrahim A (2005). "Novel perspectives on mucormycosis: pathophysiology, presentation, and management". Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 18 (3): 556–69. doi:10.1128/CMR.18.3.556-569.2005. PMC 1195964. PMID 16020690.
  4. Baradkar VP, Kumar S (2009). "Cutaneous zygomycosis due to Saksenaea vasiformis in an immunocompetent host". Indian J Dermatol. 54 (4): 382–4. doi:10.4103/0019-5154.57621. PMC 2807721. PMID 20101346.
  5. Rodríguez-Gutiérrez G, Carrillo-Casas EM, Arenas R, García-Méndez JO, Toussaint S, Moreno-Morales ME, Schcolnik-Cabrera AA, Xicohtencatl-Cortes J, Hernández-Castro R (2015). "Mucormycosis in a Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Patient Caused by Syncephalastrum racemosum: Case Report and Review of Literature". Mycopathologia. 180 (1–2): 89–93. doi:10.1007/s11046-015-9878-1. PMID 25736172.
  6. Desmidt M, De Laender P, De Groote D, Rysselaere M, De Herdt P, Ducatelle R, Haesebrouck F (1998). "Rhizomucor pusillus mucormycosis combined with chlamydiosis in an African grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus erithacus)". Vet. Rec. 143 (16): 447–8. PMID 9823607.

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