Rhizopus

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Rhizopus
Schematic diagram of Rhizopus spp.
Schematic diagram of Rhizopus spp.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Zygomycota
Class: Mucormycotina
Order: Mucorales
Family: Mucoraceae
Genus: Rhizopus
Ehrenb. (1820)
Type species
Rhizopus nigricans
Ehrenb. (1820)
Synonyms

Crinofera Nieuwl. (1916)
Pilophora Wallr. (1833)

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List of terms related to Rhizopus

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

Overview

Rhizopus is a genus of common saprobic fungi on plants and specialized parasites on animals. They are found on a wide variety of organic substrates, including "mature fruits and vegetables", faeces, jellies, syrups, leather, bread, peanuts and tobacco. Some Rhizopus species are opportunistic agents of human zygomycosis (fungal infection) and can be fatal. Rhizopus infections are also an associated complication of diabetic ketoacidosis. The widespread genus contains about nine species.

Rhizopus reproduces by vegetative, asexual and sexual methods by spores. The asexual sporangiospores are produced inside a pinhead-like structure, the sporangium, and are genetically identical to their parent. In Rhizopus, the sporangia are supported by a large apophysate columella, and the sporangiophores arise among distinctive rhizoids. Dark zygospores are produced after two compatible mycelia fuse during sexual reproduction producing colonies that may be genetically different from their parents.

Species

Plant body or mycelium

  • The plant body of rhizopus is known as mycelium.It is made up of long tubular branched thread or filament like structure called hyphae.The mycelium can be distinguished into three types of hyphae namely
  1. stolons
  2. rhizoids
  3. Sporangiospores

See also

References




External links

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