|Toll-like receptor 5|
|Symbols||TLR5 ; FLJ10052; MGC126430; MGC126431; SLEB1; TIL3|
|External IDs||Template:OMIM5 HomoloGene: 20698|
|RNA expression pattern|
|File:PBB GE TLR5 210166 at tn.png|
|More reference expression data|
|Template:GNF Ortholog box|
Toll-like receptor 5, also known as TLR5, is a human gene.
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family which plays a fundamental role in pathogen recognition and activation of innate immunity. TLRs are highly conserved from Drosophila to humans and share structural and functional similarities. They recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) that are expressed on infectious agents, and mediate the production of cytokines necessary for the development of effective immunity. The various TLRs exhibit different patterns of expression. This gene product is expressed in myelomonocytic cells, and recognizes bacterial flagellin, a principal component of bacterial flagella and a virulence factor. The activation of this receptor mobilizes the nuclear factor NF-kappaB and stimulates tumour necrosis factor-alpha production.
TLR5 recognizes flagellin.
- Toll-Like+Receptor+5 at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)
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