Pulmonary atresia

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Pulmonary atresia
ICD-10 Q25.5
ICD-9 747.3
MedlinePlus 001091
MeSH C14.240.670

Pulmonary atresia Microchapters

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief:  : Muhammad Waqas, M.D.[2]

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Overview

Historical Perspective

Classification

Pathophysiology

Causes

Differentiating Xyz from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Screening

Diagnosis

Diagnostic study of choice | History and Symptoms | Physical Examination | Laboratory Findings | Electrocardiogram | X-Ray Findings | Echocardiography and Ultrasound | CT-Scan Findings | MRI Findings | Other Imaging Findings | Other Diagnostic Studies

Treatment

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Case #1

Epidemiology and demographics

  • While there is no difference in the incidence of Pulmonary atresia in male or female, it is found that pulmonary atresia with VSD ( PA-VSD ) is slightly more prevalent in males than in females. [1]

1) The prevalence of Pulmonary Atresia with VSD is estimated to be around 0.07 per 1000 live breath. and 2.5-3.4 % among all congenital heart diseases.[3]

2) The overall incidence of PA-IVSD is under estimated as most of the fetus are spontaneously aborted due to the underlying other congenital malformations or are diagnosed on routine antenatal ultrasound and results in elective termination.

- The reported incidence is 6-8 per 100,000 live births and 1-3% of all congenital heart disease. [4][5]

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