Chronic renal failure x ray

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Chronic renal failure Microchapters


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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Aarti Narayan, M.B.B.S [2]


Because CRF is a long standing renal disease, CRF patients are at risk for developing renal osteodystrophy. Renal osteodystrophy is a bone pathology characterized by defective mineralization that results from long standing renal compromise. It combines features from secondary hyperparathyroidism, osteomalacia and osteoporosis. Renal osteodystrophy presents with non-specific signs and symptoms like weakness, bone pain and skeletal deformities. The most common complication of renal osteodystrophy is fracture, which may be from osteomalatic bone or osteoporotic bone. Dialysis patients may experience osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, osteonecrosis or carpel tunnel syndrome, whereas renal transplant patients may experience tendonitis, osteonecrosis, tendon rupture or fracture.[1]

X-ray Findings

X-ray Findings in patients on Dialysis

Chest X-ray Findings

The chest X-ray may show pulmonary edema, which occurs from a combination of fluid overload and abnormal permeability of the pulmonary microvasculature.[3][4]


  1. Andresen JH, Nielsen HE (1982). "[Extraskeletal calcification in chronic renal failure during hemodialysis and after renal transplantation (author's transl)]". Klinische Wochenschrift (in German). 60 (4): 199–205. PMID 7040783. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  2. Raue I, Lieschke HJ, Börner P (1976). "[X-ray findings in bones of patients with chronic renal insufficiency under chronic hemodialysis program]". Z Gesamte Inn Med (in German). 31 (10): 334–6. PMID 960855. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  3. Headley CM, Wall BM (2007). "Flash pulmonary edema in patients with chronic kidney disease and end stage renal disease". Nephrol Nurs J. 34 (1): 15–26, 37, quiz 27–8. PMID 17345689.
  4. Gehm L, Propp DA (1989). "Pulmonary edema in the renal failure patient". Am J Emerg Med. 7 (3): 336–9. PMID 2712900. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)

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