Ventricular tachycardia risk factors

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] ; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Sara Zand, M.D.[2] Mugilan Poongkunran M.B.B.S [3]


Common risk factors associated with VT/ VF include prior history of hypertension, Prior MI, ST-segment changes at presentation, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Risk factors of occurrence of VF before primary PCI in STEMI patients include alcohol consumption, preinfarction angina, anterior infarct location, complete coronary occlusion at the time of coronary angiography. Risk factors associated with VT/ VF after primary PCI include lower blood pressure, higher heart rate, poor coronary flow at the end of the procedure, incomplete resolution of ST elevation. Risk factors associated with monomorphic VT early after CABG include prior MI, ventricular scar, LV dysfunction, placement of a bypass graft across a noncollateralized occluded coronary vessel to a chronic infarct zone.

Risk Factors

Common risk factors associated with VT/ VF include:[1]

Table below shown risk factors related with ventricular tachycardia :[5][6][7]

Risk Factors for Ventricular Tachycardia
Reversible Risk Factors
Irreversible Risk Factors
Risk Factors for SVT


  1. Al-Khatib, Sana M.; Granger, Christopher B.; Huang, Yao; Lee, Kerry L.; Califf, Robert M.; Simoons, Maarten L.; Armstrong, Paul W.; Van de Werf, Frans; White, Harvey D.; Simes, R. John; Moliterno, David J.; Topol, Eric J.; Harrington, Robert A. (2002). "Sustained Ventricular Arrhythmias Among Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes With No ST-Segment Elevation". Circulation. 106 (3): 309–312. doi:10.1161/01.CIR.0000022692.49934.E3. ISSN 0009-7322.
  2. Jabbari R, Engstrøm T, Glinge C, Risgaard B, Jabbari J, Winkel BG, Terkelsen CJ, Tilsted HH, Jensen LO, Hougaard M, Chiuve SE, Pedersen F, Svendsen JH, Haunsø S, Albert CM, Tfelt-Hansen J (January 2015). "Incidence and risk factors of ventricular fibrillation before primary angioplasty in patients with first ST-elevation myocardial infarction: a nationwide study in Denmark". J Am Heart Assoc. 4 (1): e001399. doi:10.1161/JAHA.114.001399. PMC 4330064. PMID 25559012.
  3. Mehta RH, Starr AZ, Lopes RD, Hochman JS, Widimsky P, Pieper KS, Armstrong PW, Granger CB (May 2009). "Incidence of and outcomes associated with ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention". JAMA. 301 (17): 1779–89. doi:10.1001/jama.2009.600. PMID 19417195.
  4. Steinberg, Jonathan S.; Gaur, Abhishek; Sciacca, Robert; Tan, Edith (1999). "New-Onset Sustained Ventricular Tachycardia After Cardiac Surgery". Circulation. 99 (7): 903–908. doi:10.1161/01.CIR.99.7.903. ISSN 0009-7322.
  5. Baerman JM, Morady F, DiCarlo LA, de Buitleir M. "Differentiation of ventricular tachycardia from supraventricular tachycardia with aberration: value of the clinical history". Annals of Emergency Medicine. 16 (1): 40–3. PMID 3800075. Retrieved 2013-08-04.
  6. Al-Khatib SM, Granger CB, Huang Y, Lee KL, Califf RM, Simoons ML, Armstrong PW, Van de Werf F, White HD, Simes RJ, Moliterno DJ, Topol EJ, Harrington RA (July 2002). "Sustained ventricular arrhythmias among patients with acute coronary syndromes with no ST-segment elevation: incidence, predictors, and outcomes". Circulation. 106 (3): 309–12. doi:10.1161/01.cir.0000022692.49934.e3. PMID 12119245.
  7. Ekström K, Lehtonen J, Kandolin R, Räisänen-Sokolowski A, Salmenkivi K, Kupari M (December 2016). "Incidence, Risk Factors, and Outcome of Life-Threatening Ventricular Arrhythmias in Giant Cell Myocarditis". Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 9 (12). doi:10.1161/CIRCEP.116.004559. PMID 27913400.

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