Bronchogenic cyst classification

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Joanna Ekabua, M.D. [2]



Bronchogenic cyst can be classified based on location as follows[1][2]

  1. Pulmonary
    1. Plural[3]
      1. Visceral
      2. Parietal
    2. Tracheobronchial tree[1]
      1. Paratracheal
      2. Carinal
      3. Hilar
  2. Extra-pulmonary
    1. Cranial[4][5]
    2. Cervical[2][6][7]
    3. Mediastinal[8]
      1. Esophageal[9][10][11]
      2. Cardiac[1][12][13][14]
    4. Abdominal[2][15]
      1. Intraperitoneal
        1. Dipgragmatic[16][17][18]
        2. Gastric[19][20]
      2. Retroperitoneal
        1. Spinal[1][2][21][22][23]
        2. Adrenal[24][25][26]
        3. Pancreatic[27][28]
    5. Perianal[29]

Bronchogenic cyst
Tracheobronchial tree


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Maier HC (1948). "Bronchiogenic Cysts of the Mediastinum". Ann Surg. 127 (3): 476–502. doi:10.1097/00000658-194803000-00010. PMC 1513836. PMID 17859095.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Sarper A, Ayten A, Golbasi I, Demircan A, Isin E (2003). "Bronchogenic cyst". Tex Heart Inst J. 30 (2): 105–8. PMC 161894. PMID 12809250.
  3. Nakagawa M, Hara M, Oshima H, Shibamoto Y, Sato Y, Kondo S; et al. (2008). "Pleural bronchogenic cysts: imaging findings". J Thorac Imaging. 23 (4): 284–8. doi:10.1097/RTI.0b013e318176b935. PMID 19204476.
  4. Bian B, Yu M, Liu S, Li S, Wei Y, Zhang B (2019). "A suprasellar bronchogenic cyst: A case report". Medicine (Baltimore). 98 (30): e16650. doi:10.1097/MD.0000000000016650. PMC 6709100 Check |pmc= value (help). PMID 31348319.
  5. Xu Q, Feng Y, Ye K, Zhou Y, Zhan R (2015). "Bronchogenic cyst in left anterior cranial fossa". Neurology. 84 (11): 1181–2. doi:10.1212/WNL.0000000000001368. PMID 25780019.
  6. Teissier N, Elmaleh-Bergès M, Ferkdadji L, François M, Van den Abbeele T (2008). "Cervical bronchogenic cysts: usual and unusual clinical presentations". Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 134 (11): 1165–9. doi:10.1001/archotol.134.11.1165. PMID 19015445.
  7. Kün-Darbois JD, Breheret R, Bizon A, Paré A, Laccourreye L (2015). "Bronchogenic cyst of the tip of the tongue: report of two cases". Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis. 132 (1): 49–51. doi:10.1016/j.anorl.2013.11.007. PMID 24993780.
  8. Mega S (2015). "[Anterior Mediastinal Bronchogenic Cyst Associated with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia ; Report of a Case]". Kyobu Geka. 68 (10): 871–3. PMID 26329634.
  9. Wang W, Ni Y, Zhang L, Li X, Ke C, Lu Q; et al. (2012). "A case report of para-esophageal bronchogenic cyst with esophageal communication". J Cardiothorac Surg. 7: 94. doi:10.1186/1749-8090-7-94. PMC 3599576. PMID 23013612.
  10. Chuang KH, Huang TW, Cheng YL, Chen JC, Tzao C, Chang H; et al. (2007). "Esophageal bronchogenic cyst: a rare entity". Z Gastroenterol. 45 (9): 958–60. doi:10.1055/s-2007-963069. PMID 17874358.
  11. Yang X, Zong Y, Zhao HY, Wu YD, Ji M (2019). "Complete excision of esophageal bronchogenic cyst by endoscopic submucosal tunnel dissection: a case presentation". BMC Gastroenterol. 19 (1): 155. doi:10.1186/s12876-019-1072-3. PMC 6714396 Check |pmc= value (help). PMID 31462259.
  12. Miwa E, Tani T, Okada Y, Furukawa Y (2017). "A rare cardiac tumor: Bronchogenic cyst of interatrial septum". Echocardiography. 34 (3): 474–475. doi:10.1111/echo.13445. PMID 28139004.
  13. Mesland JB, Gérard L, Van Caenegem O, Castanares-Zapatero D (2018). "Bronchogenic cyst infection presenting as pleuropericarditis". BMJ Case Rep. 2018. doi:10.1136/bcr-2018-225081. PMC 6011476. PMID 29895549.
  14. Olsen M, Mitchell TA, Percival TJ, Helsel BS (2015). "Interatrial Bronchogenic Cyst Resection". Ann Thorac Surg. 100 (2): 709–11. doi:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2014.10.025. PMID 26234845.
  15. Gou Y, Wang Y, Fang H, Xu X, Yu W, Zhang K; et al. (2015). "Bronchogenic cyst in the hepatogastric ligament masquerading as an esophageal mesenchymal tumor: a case report". Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 8 (11): 15307–11. PMC 4713671. PMID 26823885.
  16. Legras A, Mordant P, Gibault L, Hernigou A, Le Pimpec Barthes F, Riquet M (2014). "[Diaphragmatic bronchogenic cyst: an exceptional location]". Rev Pneumol Clin. 70 (6): 357–61. doi:10.1016/j.pneumo.2014.05.002. PMID 25131363.
  17. Ikeda T, Nakano J, Sano T (2019). "[Intraphrenic Bronchogenic Cyst;Report of a Case]". Kyobu Geka. 72 (6): 477–479. PMID 31268025.
  18. Chumakova M, Morris-Stiff G, Khachaturov V, Ibrahim S (2016). "Bronchogenic cyst arising from the crus of the left hemidiaphragm". BMJ Case Rep. 2016. doi:10.1136/bcr-2015-213658. PMC 4840741. PMID 27068723.
  19. Han WG, Xue HD, Pan WD (2019). "[Bronchogenic Cyst of Stomach:Report of One Case]". Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. 41 (4): 572–574. doi:10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.10798. PMID 31484624.
  20. Ruiz Molina I, Landauro Comesaña C, Solís García E, Cívico Amat V, Sánchez Quintana F (2019). "[Gastric bronchogenic cysts. An unusual location]". Rev Esp Patol. 52 (2): 117–119. doi:10.1016/j.patol.2017.12.003. PMID 30902375.
  21. Zou MX, Hu JR, Kang YJ, Li J, Lv GH, She XL (2015). "Bronchogenic cyst of the conus medullaris with spinal cord tethering: a case report and review of the literature". Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 8 (4): 3937–42. PMC 4466965. PMID 26097578.
  22. Lee HD, Han SH, Park SB, Ko Y, Lee KH (2017). "An intradural extramedullary bronchogenic cyst in the thoracolumbar spine: A case report". Medicine (Baltimore). 96 (50): e9263. doi:10.1097/MD.0000000000009263. PMC 5815783. PMID 29390371.
  23. Candy N, Young A, Devadass A, Dean A, McMillen J, Trivedi R (2017). "Dual lumbar bronchogenic and arachnoid cyst presenting with sciatica and left foot drop". Acta Neurochir (Wien). 159 (10): 2029–2032. doi:10.1007/s00701-017-3284-z. PMID 28762109.
  24. Haddadin WJ, Reid R, Jindal RM (2001). "A retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst: a rare cause of a mass in the adrenal region". J Clin Pathol. 54 (10): 801–2. doi:10.1136/jcp.54.10.801. PMC 1731290. PMID 11577133.
  25. Bulut G, Bulut MD, Bahadır I, Kotan Ç (2015). "Bronchogenic cyst mimicking an adrenal mass in the retroperitoneal region: report of a rare case". Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 58 (1): 96–8. doi:10.4103/0377-4929.151200. PMID 25673605.
  26. Cao DH, Zheng S, Lv X, Yin R, Liu LR, Yang L; et al. (2014). "Multilocular bronchogenic cyst of the bilateral adrenal: report of a rare case and review of literature". Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 7 (6): 3418–22. PMC 4097272. PMID 25031770.
  27. Shin SS, Choi YD, Jun CH (2017). "An Incidental Pancreatic Mass in a Young Woman". Gastroenterology. 153 (1): e16–e17. doi:10.1053/j.gastro.2016.10.044. PMID 28602758.
  28. Maly T, Mihal V, Michalkova K, Tichy T, Neoral C, Zonca P (2014). "Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst: prenatal diagnosis of cystoid formation, its progression and surgery". Bratisl Lek Listy. 115 (2): 98–100. doi:10.4149/bll_2014_021. PMID 24601704.
  29. Liu L, Zhang Y, Zhang Z, Si L (2013). "Perianal bronchogenic cyst: a report of two cases". Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 56 (4): 411–2. doi:10.4103/0377-4929.125355. PMID 24441234.

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