Bornholm disease medical therapy
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Treatment includes the administration of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents or the application of heat to the affected muscles. In healthy people, pleurodynia is a harmless infection that goes away on its own within a few days. To treat the muscle pain, your doctor probably will recommend over-the-counter pain relievers. If necessary, narcotic pain medication can be used. Aspirin should not be given to children with pleurodynia because of the risk of Reye's syndrome, a serious reaction causing brain and liver injury in children who take aspirin during certain viral illnesses.
- Treatment is often symptomatic with the use of NSAIDs
- In some cases, the use of 2% Xylocaine injected intercostally after being diluted in a solution of normal saline has proved to be useful 
- Especially severe cases have benefitted from the use of 16 mg of morphine or the nightly use of barbiturates 
Some complications of the disease may be treated medically. These include:
- Acute pericarditis: treating the underlying cause 
- Myocarditis: Diuretics, ACE inhibitors, and Beta blockers. Heart transplant is considered in cases of no recovery 
- Disseminated Intravascular Coagulopathy (DIC): Heparin, Blood transfusions 
- Respiratory distress: increased oxygen delivery as well as avoiding any further pulmonary injury 
- Lal A, Akhtar J, Isaac S, Mishra AK, Khan MS, Noreldin M; et al. (2018). "Unusual cause of chest pain, Bornholm disease, a forgotten entity; case report and review of literature". Respir Med Case Rep. 25 ( ): 270–273. doi:10.1016/j.rmcr.2018.10.005. PMC 6197799. PMID 30364740.
- JAMIESON WM, PRINSLEY DM (1947). "Bornholm disease in the tropics". Br Med J. 2 (4514): 47–50. doi:10.1136/bmj.2.4514.47. PMC 2055212. PMID 20251794.
- "StatPearls". 2022. PMID 28613734.
- "StatPearls". 2022. PMID 28722877.
- Wada H, Matsumoto T, Yamashita Y (2014). "Diagnosis and treatment of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) according to four DIC guidelines". J Intensive Care. 2 (1): 15. doi:10.1186/2052-0492-2-15. PMC 4267589. PMID 25520831.
- "StatPearls". 2022. PMID 28613773.