Bornholm disease chest x ray

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Bornholm disease Microchapters


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Differentiating Bornholm disease from other Diseases

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Case #1

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Arooj Naz, M.B.B.S


In cases of Bornholm Disease, chest x-ray findings may be visible in the form of pulmonary infiltrates; such findings have been consistent in almost half of all cases.[1] Some uncommon findings include patch consolidation and pleural effusions.[2]

Chest X-Ray

  • Pulmonary infiltrates (common finding; in almost 50% of all cases)
    Pulmonary infiltrates - Case courtesy of Dr Saleh Saleh,, rID: 14462
  • Pleural effusion
    Pulmonary Effusion Front - Case courtesy of Dr Abdelkader Mallouk,, rID: 71570
    Pulmonary Effusion Lateral - Case courtesy of Dr Abdelkader Mallouk,, rID: 71570

  • Patch consolidation


  1. Lal A, Akhtar J, Isaac S, Mishra AK, Khan MS, Noreldin M; et al. (2018). "Unusual cause of chest pain, Bornholm disease, a forgotten entity; case report and review of literature". Respir Med Case Rep. 25 ( ): 270–273. doi:10.1016/j.rmcr.2018.10.005. PMC 6197799. PMID 30364740.
  2. Lee CJ, Huang YC, Yang S, Tsao KC, Chen CJ, Hsieh YC; et al. (2014). "Clinical features of coxsackievirus A4, B3 and B4 infections in children". PLoS One. 9 (2): e87391. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0087391. PMC 3913601. PMID 24504149.

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