Acute diarrhea history and symptoms

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Acute Diarrhea Microchapters


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Differentiating Acute Diarrhea from other Diseases

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Case #1

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Chandrakala Yannam, MD [2]


The hallmark of acute diarrhea is the sudden onset of 3 or more stools per day, lasting less than 4 weeks. The most common symptoms of acute diarrhea include increased frequency of bowel movements, abdominal pain, elevation of body temperature and symptoms of fluid loss (dark or scant urine, excessive thirst, dizziness, fatigue).

History and Symptoms


Common symptoms

Common symptoms of acute diarrhea include:

Less common symptoms

Less common symptoms of acute diarrhea include:


  1. Greenwood Z, Black J, Weld L, O'Brien D, Leder K, Von Sonnenburg F, Pandey P, Schwartz E, Connor BA, Brown G, Freedman DO, Torresi J (2008). "Gastrointestinal infection among international travelers globally". J Travel Med. 15 (4): 221–8. doi:10.1111/j.1708-8305.2008.00203.x. PMID 18666921.
  2. Vernacchio L, Vezina RM, Mitchell AA, Lesko SM, Plaut AG, Acheson DW (2006). "Diarrhea in American infants and young children in the community setting: incidence, clinical presentation and microbiology". Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 25 (1): 2–7. PMID 16395094.
  3. Fischer TK, Viboud C, Parashar U, Malek M, Steiner C, Glass R, Simonsen L (2007). "Hospitalizations and deaths from diarrhea and rotavirus among children <5 years of age in the United States, 1993-2003". J. Infect. Dis. 195 (8): 1117–25. doi:10.1086/512863. PMID 17357047.
  4. Talbert A, Thuo N, Karisa J, Chesaro C, Ohuma E, Ignas J, Berkley JA, Toromo C, Atkinson S, Maitland K (2012). "Diarrhoea complicating severe acute malnutrition in Kenyan children: a prospective descriptive study of risk factors and outcome". PLoS ONE. 7 (6): e38321. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0038321. PMC 3366921. PMID 22675542.

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