Nasopharyngeal carcinoma MRI

Jump to: navigation, search

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma Microchapters

Home

Patient Information

Overview

Historical Perspective

Classification

Pathophysiology

Causes

Differentiating Nasopharyngeal carcinoma from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Screening

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

Diagnosis

Diagnostic Study of Choice

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings

Electrocardiogram

Chest X Ray

CT

MRI

Echocardiography or Ultrasound

Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies

Treatment

Medical Therapy

Interventions

Surgery

Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Case #1

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma MRI On the Web

Most recent articles

Most cited articles

Review articles

CME Programs

Powerpoint slides

Images

American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Nasopharyngeal carcinoma MRI

All Images
X-rays
Echo & Ultrasound
CT Images
MRI

Ongoing Trials at Clinical Trials.gov

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse

NICE Guidance

FDA on Nasopharyngeal carcinoma MRI

CDC on Nasopharyngeal carcinoma MRI

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma MRI in the news

Blogs on Nasopharyngeal carcinoma MRI

Directions to Hospitals Treating Nasopharyngeal carcinoma

Risk calculators and risk factors for Nasopharyngeal carcinoma MRI

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Homa Najafi, M.D.[2]Faizan Sheraz, M.D. [3]

Overview

Head and neck MRI may be helpful in the diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. It is especially used for the assessment of tumor invasion in the skull base, parapharyngeal spcae, paranasal sinus, middle ear and cervical lymph nodes.

MRI

MRI may be helpful in the diagnosis of Nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

  • Findings on MRI scan suggestive of nasopharyngeal carcinoma include:[1]
MRI Component Features
T1
T1 C+ (Gd)
  • Fat saturation in post contrast sequences
  • Notable heterogeneous enhancement is typical
  • Perineural extension should be sought
T2
  • Isointense to hyperintense to muscle signal
  • Fat saturation
  • Fluid in the middle ear can be helpful

References

  1. Hermans, R (2012). Head and neck cancer imaging. Berlin New York: Springer. ISBN 9783642178689.
  2. Glastonbury, Christine M. (2007). "Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma". Topics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 18 (4): 225–235. doi:10.1097/RMR.0b013e3181572b3a. ISSN 0899-3459.
  3. Dubrulle, F.; Souillard, R.; Hermans, R. (2007). "Extension patterns of nasopharyngeal carcinoma". European Radiology. 17 (10): 2622–2630. doi:10.1007/s00330-007-0616-z. ISSN 0938-7994.
  4. Chin, Shy-Chyi; Fatterpekar, Girish; Chen, Cheng-Yu; Som, Peter M. (2003). "MR Imaging of Diverse Manifestations of Nasopharyngeal Carcinomas". American Journal of Roentgenology. 180 (6): 1715–1722. doi:10.2214/ajr.180.6.1801715. ISSN 0361-803X.
  5. Alfred L. Weber, Sharif al-Arayedh & Asma Rashid (2003). "Nasopharynx: clinical, pathologic, and radiologic assessment". Neuroimaging clinics of North America. 13 (3): 465–483. PMID 14631685. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  6. Julian Goh & Keith Lim (2009). "Imaging of nasopharyngeal carcinoma". Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore. 38 (9): 809–816. PMID 19816641. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  7. Ng, Shu-Hang; Chan, Sheng-Chieh; Yen, Tzu-Chen; Chang, Joseph Tung-Chieh; Liao, Chun-Ta; Ko, Sheung-Fat; Wang, Hung-Ming; Wai, Yau-Yau; Wang, Jiun-Jie; Chen, Min-Chi (2009). "Pretreatment evaluation of distant-site status in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma: accuracy of whole-body MRI at 3-Tesla and FDG-PET-CT". European Radiology. 19 (12): 2965–2976. doi:10.1007/s00330-009-1504-5. ISSN 0938-7994.
  8. Fong, Devin; Bhatia, Kunwar S.S.; Yeung, David; King, Ann D. (2010). "Diagnostic accuracy of diffusion-weighted MR imaging for nasopharyngeal carcinoma, head and neck lymphoma and squamous cell carcinoma at the primary site". Oral Oncology. 46 (8): 603–606. doi:10.1016/j.oraloncology.2010.05.004. ISSN 1368-8375.
  9. Ann D. King, David K. W. Yeung, Anil T. Ahuja, S. F. Leung, Gary M. K. Tse & Andrew C. van Hasselt (2004). "In vivo proton MR spectroscopy of primary and nodal nasopharyngeal carcinoma". AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology. 25 (3): 484–490. PMID 15037477. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)

Linked-in.jpg