Hypernatremia natural history, complications and prognosis

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Risk calculators and risk factors for Hypernatremia natural history, complications and prognosis

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Feham Tariq, MD [2]

Overview

If left untreated, [#]% of patients with [disease name] may progress to develop [manifestation 1], [manifestation 2], and [manifestation 3].

OR

Common complications of [disease name] include [complication 1], [complication 2], and [complication 3].

OR

Prognosis is generally excellent/good/poor, and the 1/5/10-year mortality/survival rate of patients with [disease name] is approximately [#]%.

Natural History, Complications, and Prognosis

Natural history

Complications

  • Common complications of hypernatremia include:[1]
    • Subarachnoid hemorrhage
    • Cerebral bleeding
    • Brain cells shrinkage leasding to permanent loss of brain function
    • Convulsions

Prognosis

  • The prognosis of hypernatremia is good as long as the underlying cause is identified early before the onset of complications and treated early.

References

  1. Arora SK (2013). "Hypernatremic disorders in the intensive care unit". J Intensive Care Med. 28 (1): 37–45. doi:10.1177/0885066611403994. PMID 21576189.

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