Hypernatremia risk factors

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Feham Tariq, MD [2]

Overview

The patients at risk of developing hypernatremia are more likely to be hospitalized, elderly patients with neurological deficits and having higher rate of free water insensible losses such as burn victims and patients with diarrhea.

Hypernatremia risk factors

The patients at risk of developing hypernatremia are more likely to be hospitalized, elderly patients with neurological deficits and having higher rate of free water insensible losses such as burn victims and patients with diarrhea.

More common risk factors

The more common risk factors of hypernatremia are as follows:[1][2]

  • Elderly patient
  • Impairment of thirst
  • Restricted access to water
  • Mental impairment
  • Physcial impairment
  • Uncontrolled diabetes (solute diuresis)

Less common risk factors

The less common risk factors of hypernatremia are as follows:

  • Tube feedings
  • Hypertonic infusions
  • Mechanical ventilation
  • Osmotic diuresis

References

  1. Hawkins, Robert C. (2003). "Age and gender as risk factors for hyponatremia and hypernatremia". Clinica Chimica Acta. 337 (1–2): 169–172. doi:10.1016/j.cccn.2003.08.001. ISSN 0009-8981.
  2. Lindner, Gregor; Funk, Georg-Christian; Schwarz, Christoph; Kneidinger, Nikolaus; Kaider, Alexandra; Schneeweiss, Bruno; Kramer, Ludwig; Druml, Wilfred (2007). "Hypernatremia in the Critically Ill Is an Independent Risk Factor for Mortality". American Journal of Kidney Diseases. 50 (6): 952–957. doi:10.1053/j.ajkd.2007.08.016. ISSN 0272-6386.



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