Pulmonary edema primary prevention

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Farnaz Khalighinejad, MD [2]


Effective measures for the primary prevention of cardiogenic pulmonary edema include maintaining a healthy lifestyle, avoid tobacco, treat dyslipidemia, low salt diet, controlling hypertension, avoid cardiotoxic agents, controling diabetes. Effective measures for the primary prevention of high-altitude pulmonary edema include, encourage healthy lifestyle and exercise, gradual ascent, preacclimization, avoiding alcohol ingestion, high carbohydrate in diet, adequate hydration, vigorous exertion during the first few days at high altitude, oxygen enrichment.

Primary Prevention

Cardiogenic pulmonary edmea

Cardiogenic pulmonary edema is due to heart-related illnesses. Primary prevention include:[1]

  • Maintaining a healthy lifestyle
  • Avoid tobacco
  • Treat dyslipidemia
  • Low salt diet
  • Controlling hypertension
  • Avoid cardiotoxic agents
  • Controling diabetes

Consider additional measures in selected patients:

Non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema

  • High-altitude pulmonary edema
    • Effective measures for the primary prevention of altitude sickness include:[2][3]
  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome
    • For more information about primary intervention in acute respiratory distress syndrome click here.


  1. Ware LB, Matthay MA (December 2005). "Clinical practice. Acute pulmonary edema". N. Engl. J. Med. 353 (26): 2788–96. doi:10.1056/NEJMcp052699. PMID 16382065.
  2. Taylor AT (January 2011). "High-altitude illnesses: physiology, risk factors, prevention, and treatment". Rambam Maimonides Med J. 2 (1): e0022. doi:10.5041/RMMJ.10022. PMC 3678789. PMID 23908794.
  3. Murdoch D (March 2010). "Altitude sickness". BMJ Clin Evid. 2010. PMC 2907615. PMID 21718562.

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