Pneumothorax risk factors

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Hamid Qazi, MD, BSc [2],Feham Tariq, MD [3]


Common risk factors in the development of pneumothorax include smoking, underlying lung pathology such as obstructive lung diseases, female gender, thin and tall men, mechanical ventilation, low body weight, Marfan's syndrome, and homocystinuria.

Risk Factors

The risk factors for the development of pneumothorax include:[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8]

Common Risk Factors

Rare risk factors


  1. Bense, László; Eklund, Gunnar; Wiman, Lars-Gösta (1987). "Smoking and the Increased Risk of Contracting Spontaneous Pneumothorax". Chest. 92 (6): 1009–1012. doi:10.1378/chest.92.6.1009. ISSN 0012-3692.
  2. Lippert HL, Lund O, Blegvad S, Larsen HV (1991). "Independent risk factors for cumulative recurrence rate after first spontaneous pneumothorax". Eur Respir J. 4 (3): 324–31. PMID 1864347.
  3. Lindskog, Gustaf E. (1957). "Spontaneous Pneumothorax". A.M.A. Archives of Surgery. 75 (5): 693. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1957.01280170003001. ISSN 0096-6908.
  4. Melton LJ, Hepper NG, Offord KP (1981). "Influence of height on the risk of spontaneous pneumothorax". Mayo Clin Proc. 56 (11): 678–82. PMID 7300447.
  5. Sadikot RT, Greene T, Meadows K, Arnold AG (1997). "Recurrence of primary spontaneous pneumothorax". Thorax. 52 (9): 805–9. PMC 1758641. PMID 9371212.
  6. GUO, Yubiao; XIE, Canmao; RODRIGUEZ, R. Michael; LIGHT, Richard W. (2005). "Factors related to recurrence of spontaneous pneumothorax". Respirology. 10 (3): 378–384. doi:10.1111/j.1440-1843.2005.00715.x. ISSN 1323-7799.
  7. Gupta D, Mishra S, Faruqi S, Aggarwal AN (2006). "Aetiology and clinical profile of spontaneous pneumothorax in adults". Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci. 48 (4): 261–4. PMID 16970292.
  8. Andrivet P (2003). "[Pneumothorax]". Rev Prat. 53 (9): 962–6. PMID 12816034.

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