Nasopharyngeal carcinoma surgery

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Nasopharyngeal carcinoma Microchapters


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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Homa Najafi, M.D.[2]Faizan Sheraz, M.D. [3]


Surgery is not the first-line treatment option for patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma.It is used for resistant and locally recurrent types. The methods can be divided into open and minimally invasive nasopharyngectomy.


Surgery is not the first-line treatment option for patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Surgery is usually reserved for patients with:[1][2][3][4]

  • Resistant nasopharyngeal cancer to treatment
  • Locally recurrent nasopharyngeal cancer

The approaches for nasopharyngectomy are:[5][6][7][8][9][10][11]


  1. Danesi, Giovanni; Zanoletti, Elisabetta; Mazzoni, Antonio (2007). "Salvage Surgery for Recurrent Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma". Skull Base. 17 (3): 173–180. doi:10.1055/s-2007-977470. ISSN 1531-5010.
  2. Hao, Sheng-Po; Tsang, Ngan-Ming; Chang, Kai-Ping; Hsu, Yung-Shin; Chen, Chin-Kuo; Fang, Ku-Hao (2009). "Nasopharyngectomy for recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma: a review of 53 patients and prognostic factors". Acta Oto-Laryngologica. 128 (4): 473–481. doi:10.1080/00016480701813806. ISSN 0001-6489.
  3. William Ignace Wei (2003). "Cancer of the nasopharynx: functional surgical salvage". World journal of surgery. 27 (7): 844–848. PMID 14509517. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  4. Brennan, Bernadette (2006). "Nasopharyngeal carcinoma". Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases. 1 (1). doi:10.1186/1750-1172-1-23. ISSN 1750-1172.
  5. William Ignace Wei (2003). "Cancer of the nasopharynx: functional surgical salvage". World journal of surgery. 27 (7): 844–848. PMID 14509517. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  6. Bian, Xue; Chen, Hui; Liao, Lianming (2011). "A retrospective study of salvage surgery for recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma". International Journal of Clinical Oncology. 17 (3): 212–217. doi:10.1007/s10147-011-0276-5. ISSN 1341-9625.
  7. Stoker, S. D.; van Diessen, J. N. A.; de Boer, J. P.; Karakullukcu, B.; Leemans, C. R.; Tan, I. B. (2013). "Current Treatment Options for Local Residual Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma". Current Treatment Options in Oncology. 14 (4): 475–491. doi:10.1007/s11864-013-0261-5. ISSN 1527-2729.
  8. Liu, Juan; Yu, Huapeng; Sun, Xicai; Wang, Dehui; Gu, Yurong; Liu, Quan; Wang, Huan; Han, Wade; Fry, Allison (2017). "Salvage endoscopic nasopharyngectomy for local recurrent or residual nasopharyngeal carcinoma: a 10-year experience". International Journal of Clinical Oncology. 22 (5): 834–842. doi:10.1007/s10147-017-1143-9. ISSN 1341-9625.
  9. Vlantis, Alexander C.; Lee, Dennis L.Y.; Wong, Eddy W.Y.; Chow, Samuel M.W.; Ng, Siu K.; Chan, Jason Y.K. (2017). "Endoscopic nasopharyngectomy in recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma: a case series, literature review, and pooled analysis". International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology. 7 (4): 425–432. doi:10.1002/alr.21881. ISSN 2042-6976.
  10. Tsang, Raymond K.; To, Victor S.; Ho, Ambrose C.; Ho, Wai-kuen; Chan, Jimmy Y.; Wei, William I. (2015). "Early results of robotic assisted nasopharyngectomy for recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma". Head & Neck. 37 (6): 788–793. doi:10.1002/hed.23672. ISSN 1043-3074.
  11. Chan, Jimmy Yu Wai; Wong, Stanley Thian Sze; Chan, Richie Chiu Lung; Wei, William Ignace (2016). "Extracranial/intracranial vascular bypass and craniofacial resection: New hope for patients with locally advanced recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma". Head & Neck. 38 (S1): E1404–E1412. doi:10.1002/hed.24234. ISSN 1043-3074.

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