Constipation risk factors
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Constipation On the Web
American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Constipation
Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. ; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Eiman Ghaffarpasand, M.D. 
The most potent risk factor in the development of constipation is inappropriate diet. Common risk factors include female gender, > 65 years of age, pregnancy, and iron supplements.
- The most potent risk factor in the development of constipation is inappropriate diet. Other risk factors include female gender, > 65 years of age, pregnancy, and iron supplements.
Common Risk Factors
- Common risk factors in the development of constipation include:
- Female gender
- More than 65 years of age
- Low-fiber diet
- Iron supplements
Less Common Risk Factors
- Less common risk factors in the development of constipation include:
- Recent surgery
- Non-Caucasian race
- African-American race
- Low socioeconomic state
- Low educational status
- Multiple sclerosis
- Diabetes mellitus
- Thyroid disease
- ↑ Pare P, Ferrazzi S, Thompson WG, Irvine EJ, Rance L (2001). "An epidemiological survey of constipation in canada: definitions, rates, demographics, and predictors of health care seeking". Am. J. Gastroenterol. 96 (11): 3130–7. doi:10.1111/j.1572-0241.2001.05259.x. PMID 11721760.
- ↑ Talley NJ, Jones M, Nuyts G, Dubois D (2003). "Risk factors for chronic constipation based on a general practice sample". Am. J. Gastroenterol. 98 (5): 1107–11. doi:10.1111/j.1572-0241.2003.07465.x. PMID 12809835.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Sandler RS, Jordan MC, Shelton BJ (1990). "Demographic and dietary determinants of constipation in the US population". Am J Public Health. 80 (2): 185–9. PMC 1404600. PMID 2297063.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Johanson JF, Sonnenberg A, Koch TR (1989). "Clinical epidemiology of chronic constipation". J. Clin. Gastroenterol. 11 (5): 525–36. PMID 2551954.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 Everhart JE, Go VL, Johannes RS, Fitzsimmons SC, Roth HP, White LR (1989). "A longitudinal survey of self-reported bowel habits in the United States". Dig. Dis. Sci. 34 (8): 1153–62. PMID 2787735.