Altitude sickness history and symptoms
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Patients with altitude sickness may have a positive history of underlying lung disease and substances or conditions that interfere with acclimatization. Common symptoms of altitude sickness include headache, dizziness, fatigue, cyanosis.
High Altitude Categories:
|High altitude||1,500-3,500 mts||4,921-11,483 feet|
|Very high altitude||3,500-5,500 mts||11,483-18,045 feet|
|Extreme altitude||5,500-8,850 mts||18,045-29,035 feet|
Patients with altitude sickness may have a positive history of:
- Substances (alcohol) or conditions that interfere with acclimatization
- Comorbidities that interfere with respiration such as neuromuscular disease or pulmonary hypertension
- Sleep apnea
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- Restrictive lung disease
- Cystic fibrosis
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Carotid artery surgery or neck radiation
- Common symptoms of altitude sickness include:
- Less common symptoms of altitude sickness include:
- Nausea or vomiting
- Rapid pulse (heart rate)
- Shortness of breath with exertion
- Chest tightness or congestion
- Coughing up blood
- Decreased consciousness or withdrawal from social interaction
- Gray or pale complexion
- Inability to walk in a straight line, or to walk at all
- Shortness of breath at rest
- Taylor AT (January 2011). "High-altitude illnesses: physiology, risk factors, prevention, and treatment". Rambam Maimonides Med J. 2 (1): e0022. doi:10.5041/RMMJ.10022. PMC 3678789. PMID 23908794.
- Schoene RB (August 2008). "Illnesses at high altitude". Chest. 134 (2): 402–416. doi:10.1378/chest.07-0561. PMID 18682459.
- Basnyat B, Murdoch DR (June 2003). "High-altitude illness". Lancet. 361 (9373): 1967–74. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(03)13591-X. PMID 12801752.