Turner syndrome surgery

Jump to navigation Jump to search

Turner syndrome Microchapters


Patient Information


Historical Perspective




Differentiating Turner syndrome from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors


Natural History, Complications and Prognosis


Diagnostic Study of Choice

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings


X Ray

Echocardiography and Ultrasound



Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies


Medical Therapy



Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Case #1

Turner syndrome surgery On the Web

Most recent articles

Most cited articles

Review articles

CME Programs

Powerpoint slides


American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Turner syndrome surgery

All Images
Echo & Ultrasound
CT Images

Ongoing Trials at Clinical Trials.gov

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse

NICE Guidance

FDA on Turner syndrome surgery

CDC on Turner syndrome surgery

Turner syndrome surgery in the news

Blogs on Turner syndrome surgery

Directions to Hospitals Treating Turner syndrome

Risk calculators and risk factors for Turner syndrome surgery

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Akash Daswaney, M.B.B.S[2]


Surgery is indicated for craniofacial anomalies, to decrease the risk of aortic dissection and for congenital pterygium colli.


  • Surgery is indicated for individuals with an aortic size index > 2.5 centimeter/meter square to prevent sudden cardiac death due to aortic dissection.
  • Corrective surgery or bracing might be required for scoliosis. "Turner Syndrome - StatPearls - NCBI Bookshelf".
  • Coarctation of aorta requires corrective surgery. [1]
  • Cosmetic surgeries for craniofacial anomalies may be performed before the child enters school.
  • Prophylactic gonadectomy is performed for detected gonadoblastomas. This prevents their progression to dysgerminomas. [2]
  • Pterygium colli or webbed neck which is due to a bilateral cervical skin folding that stretches from the acromion to the mastoid.
    • Benoit Chaput et al performed a study to assess the ‘posterior cervical lift’ for pterygium colli. [3]
    • This involves suturing of the superficial lamina of the cervical fascia after resecting the skin fold with an inferiorly directed back cut.
    • Few post-operative complications and patient satisfaction were seen.


  1. Cui X, Cui Y, Shi L, Luan J, Zhou X, Han J (2018). "A basic understanding of Turner syndrome: Incidence, complications, diagnosis, and treatment". Intractable Rare Dis Res. 7 (4): 223–228. doi:10.5582/irdr.2017.01056. PMC 6290843. PMID 30560013.
  2. Frías JL, Davenport ML, Committee on Genetics and Section on Endocrinology (2003). "Health supervision for children with Turner syndrome". Pediatrics. 111 (3): 692–702. doi:10.1542/peds.111.3.692. PMID 12612263.
  3. Chaput B, Chavoin JP, Lopez R, Meresse T, Nadon F, Herlin C; et al. (2013). "The "posterior cervical lift": a new approach to pterygium colli management". Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 1 (6): e46. doi:10.1097/GOX.0b013e3182a8c597. PMC 4174163. PMID 25289240.

Template:WikiDoc Sources