Oral candidiasis history and symptoms

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1];Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Ahmed Younes M.B.B.CH [2]


Candida infections of the mouth and throat can manifest in a variety of ways. The most common symptom of oral thrush is white patches or plaques on the tongue and other oral mucous membranes.

History and symptoms:

Oropharyngeal Candidiasis can manifest in a variety of ways.[1][2]

  • Many cases are asymptomatic (mild disease or poor general condition)
  • Dysphagia or odynophagia
  • If candidiasis is of the pseusdomembranous subtype, patient may complain of white patches on the mouth and tongue.
  • Difficulty tasting food
  • Feeling of mouth fullness and discomfort.

Thrush and Breastfeeding

Because of the increased use of antibiotics in laboring women to reduce the transmission of Group B streptococcal infection to the infant, thrush has become more prevalent. Symptoms include:

The rash and pain experienced by the mother can range from severe to mild and may complicate breastfeeding. Because thrush is assumed to be benign, it may be difficult to obtain treatment for an outbreak in the diaper area of an infant or mother's nipples. Over the counter yeast infection cream, that comes in the 7-day package, can be applied to the skin with good results within 24 - 48 hours. It should be washed off nipples before breastfeeding.


  1. Akpan A, Morgan R (2002). "Oral candidiasis". Postgrad Med J. 78 (922): 455–9. PMC 1742467. PMID 12185216.
  2. Laurent M, Gogly B, Tahmasebi F, Paillaud E (2011). "[Oropharyngeal candidiasis in elderly patients]". Geriatr Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil (in French). 9 (1): 21–8. doi:10.1684/pnv.2011.0259. PMID 21586373.

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