Multiple sclerosis laboratory findings

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Fahimeh Shojaei, M.D.


An elevated concentration of CSF oligoclonal bands is diagnostic of multiple sclerosis.

Laboratory Findings

CSF analysis:


  1. McDonald WI, Compston A, Edan G, Goodkin D, Hartung HP, Lublin FD, McFarland HF, Paty DW, Polman CH, Reingold SC, Sandberg-Wollheim M, Sibley W, Thompson A, van den Noort S, Weinshenker BY, Wolinsky JS (July 2001). "Recommended diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis: guidelines from the International Panel on the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis". Ann. Neurol. 50 (1): 121–7. PMID 11456302.
  2. Dobson R, Ramagopalan S, Davis A, Giovannoni G (August 2013). "Cerebrospinal fluid oligoclonal bands in multiple sclerosis and clinically isolated syndromes: a meta-analysis of prevalence, prognosis and effect of latitude". J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry. 84 (8): 909–14. doi:10.1136/jnnp-2012-304695. PMID 23431079.
  3. McLean BN, Luxton RW, Thompson EJ (October 1990). "A study of immunoglobulin G in the cerebrospinal fluid of 1007 patients with suspected neurological disease using isoelectric focusing and the Log IgG-Index. A comparison and diagnostic applications". Brain. 113 ( Pt 5): 1269–89. PMID 2245296.

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