Multiple sclerosis epidemiology and demographics
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The majority of multiple sclerosis cases are reported in northern Europe, continental North America, and Australasia, which is about one of every 1000 citizens. Factors including sunlight exposure, climate, diet, toxins, genetic factors, geomagnetism, childhood environmental factors, and infections have been proved to cause the differences in MS prevalence. MS is at least two times more common among women than men. The onset of symptoms is mostly between the age of fifteen to forty years, rarely before age fifteen or after age sixty.
Epidemiology and Demographics
- The incidence of multiple sclerosis is approximately 200 new cases per week in united state.
- The prevalence of MS varies among countries. according to some studies MS occurs mostly in Caucasians while it is rare in the Native American tribes of North America, Australian Aborigines and the Māori of New Zealand.
- Among countries Scotland seems to have the highest rate of MS in the world.
- We can conclude that due to genetic susceptibility, lifestyle and different culture, the development of this disease is not equal in various regions.
Case-fatality rate/Mortality rate
- The onset of symptoms is mostly between the age of fifteen to forty years, rarely before age fifteen or after age sixty.
- MS prevalence is lower in African Americans, Mexicans, Japanese, Chinese and Filipinos people rather than white men.
- Autoimmune disorders such as MS is at least two times more common among women than men but this difference will disappear after the age of 50 and in children reach three females for each male.
- The majority of multiple sclerosis cases are reported in northern Europe, continental North America, and Australasia, which is about one of every 1000 citizens while there is a lower frequency of people suffering from Multiple Sclerosis among citizens of the Arabian Peninsula, Asia, and continental South America. In addition, in sub-Saharan Africa, MS is extremely rare.
- Factors including sunlight exposure, climate, diet, toxins, genetic factors, geomagnetism, Childhood environmental factors and infections have been proved to cause this differences in MS prevalence.
- Several studies demonstrated that if immigration occurs before the age of fifteen, the migrant's susceptibility to MS will be equal to that region's native people, But if migration occurs after the age of fifteen, the migrant's susceptibility will remain equal to his home country.
It is important to say that some studies on related diseases have shown that some diseases which were formerly considered MS cases are not MS at all. all the studies before 2004 can be affected because of inability to distinguish MS and Devic's disease (NMO).
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- Epidemiology and multiple sclerosis. a personal review
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