Guillain-Barré syndrome causes

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Guillain-Barré syndrome Microchapters


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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Fahimeh Shojaei, M.D.


Guillain Barre syndrome may be caused by Campylobacter jejuni, Cytomegalovirus, haemophilus influenza, epstein-Barr virus, Varicella zoster virus and HIV-1.


Life-threatening Causes

Life-threatening causes include conditions which may result in death or permanent disability within 24 hours if left untreated. GBS has a different natural history in every patient based on age and the speed of symptoms occurrence, so it can lead to death or patients may fully recover no matter what the etiology is.[1][2]

Common Causes

Less Common Causes


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  2. Bradshaw DY, Jones HR (April 1992). "Guillain-Barré syndrome in children: clinical course, electrodiagnosis, and prognosis". Muscle Nerve. 15 (4): 500–6. doi:10.1002/mus.880150415. PMID 1565119.
  3. Hughes RA, Rees JH (December 1997). "Clinical and epidemiologic features of Guillain-Barré syndrome". J. Infect. Dis. 176 Suppl 2: S92–8. PMID 9396689.
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  6. Chiba A, Kusunoki S, Obata H, Machinami R, Kanazawa I (October 1993). "Serum anti-GQ1b IgG antibody is associated with ophthalmoplegia in Miller Fisher syndrome and Guillain-Barré syndrome: clinical and immunohistochemical studies". Neurology. 43 (10): 1911–7. PMID 8413947.
  7. Kuwabara S, Ogawara K, Koga M, Mori M, Hattori T, Yuki N (August 1999). "Hyperreflexia in Guillain-Barré syndrome: relation with acute motor axonal neuropathy and anti-GM1 antibody". J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry. 67 (2): 180–4. PMC 1736477. PMID 10406985.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Winer JB, Hughes RA, Anderson MJ, Jones DM, Kangro H, Watkins RP (May 1988). "A prospective study of acute idiopathic neuropathy. II. Antecedent events". J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry. 51 (5): 613–8. PMC 1033063. PMID 3404161.
  9. Irie S, Saito T, Nakamura K, Kanazawa N, Ogino M, Nukazawa T, Ito H, Tamai Y, Kowa H (August 1996). "Association of anti-GM2 antibodies in Guillain-Barré syndrome with acute cytomegalovirus infection". J. Neuroimmunol. 68 (1–2): 19–26. PMID 8784256.
  10. Mori M, Kuwabara S, Miyake M, Dezawa M, Adachi-Usami E, Kuroki H, Noda M, Hattori T (April 1999). "Haemophilus influenzae has a GM1 ganglioside-like structure and elicits Guillain-Barré syndrome". Neurology. 52 (6): 1282–4. PMID 10214761.
  11. Berger JR, Difini JA, Swerdloff MA, Ayyar DR (September 1987). "HIV seropositivity in Guillain-Barré syndrome". Ann. Neurol. 22 (3): 393–4. doi:10.1002/ana.410220320. PMID 3674806.

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