Coronavirus primary prevention

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Syed Hassan A. Kazmi BSc, MD [2] Aditya Govindavarjhulla, M.B.B.S. [3]


There is currently no vaccine to prevent 2019-nCoV infection. The best way to prevent infection is to avoid being exposed to this virus. The fact that it is currently flu and respiratory disease season, CDC recommends getting a flu vaccine, taking everyday preventive actions to help stop the spread of germs, and taking flu antivirals if prescribed. Healthcare providers are advised to be on the look-out for people who recently traveled from China and have fever and respiratory symptoms.

Primary Prevention

Exposure Control


There is currently no vaccine to prevent 2019-nCoV infection. The best way to prevent infection is to avoid being exposed to this virus. The following practices should be adopted for infection control:[1]

  • Protective clothing:
    • Lab coats, gloves when direct skin contact with infected materials or animals is unavoidable
    • Eye protection must be used where there is a known or potential risk of exposure to splashes
  • Miscellaneous:
    • All procedures that may produce aerosols, or involve high concentrations or large volumes should be conducted in a biological safety cabinet (BSC)
    • The use of needles, syringes, and other sharp objects should be strictly limited. Additional precautions should be considered with work involving animals or large scale activities

Handling and Storage

CDC Recommendations Regarding 2019-nCoV Infection

  • While the immediate risk of this new virus to the American public is believed to be low at this time, everyone can do their part to help in responding to this emerging public health threat:[2]


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