Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder differential diagnosis

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Charmaine Patel, M.D. [2], Kiran Singh, M.D. [3], Haleigh Williams, B.S.


ADHD must be differentiated from other diseases that cause behavioral issues and anxiety such as anxiety disorder, dissociative disorder, conduct disorder, and oppositional defiant disorder. ADHD must also be differentiated from the other psychiatric disorders with which it shares common genetic roots, including autism, bipolar disorder, major depression, and schizophrenia.[1]

Differential Diagnosis

ADHD must be differentiated from:[1][2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Cross-Disorder Group of the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium. (2013). Identification of risk loci with shared effects on five major psychiatric disorders: a genome-wide analysis. Lancet, 381(9875), 1371–1379.
  2. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders : DSM-5. Washington, D.C: American Psychiatric Association. 2013. ISBN 0890425558.

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