Splenic infarction causes

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Splenic infarction Microchapters

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Overview

Historical Perspective

Classification

Pathophysiology

Causes

Differentiating Splenic Infarction from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

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Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

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Case #1

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

Overview

Causes

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]

Hematologic disorders - Malignant

Hematologic disorders - Benign

Embolic disorders

  • Paradoxical emboli from right heart
  • Left ventricular mural thrombus following myocardial infarct
  • Infected thoracic aortic graft
  • HIV-associated mycobacterial infections

Vascular disorders

Autoimmune/collagen vascular disease

Trauma

  • Blunt trauma
  • Torsion of the wandering spleen
  • Embolization for splenic bleeding

Operative etiologies

Infections

Medications

Miscellaneous etiologies

Therapeutic splenic infarction

Splenic infarction can be induced for the treatment of such conditions as portal hypertension or splenic injury[9]. It can also be used prior to splenectomy for the prevention of blood loss.

References

  1. Suzuki Y, Shichishima T, Mukae M; et al. (2007). "Splenic infarction after Epstein-Barr virus infection in a patient with hereditary spherocytosis". Int. J. Hematol. 85 (5): 380–3. doi:10.1532/IJH97.07208. PMID 17562611. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  2. Bonnard P, Guiard-Schmid JB, Develoux M, Rozenbaum W, Pialoux G (2005). "Splenic infarction during acute malaria". Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 99 (1): 82–6. doi:10.1016/j.trstmh.2004.06.005. PMID 15550267. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  3. Florescu D, Sordillo PP, Glyptis A; et al. (2008). "Splenic infarction in human babesiosis: two cases and discussion". Clin. Infect. Dis. 46 (1): e8–11. doi:10.1086/524081. PMID 18171204. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  4. Breuer C, Janssen G, Laws HJ; et al. (2008). "Splenic infarction in a patient hereditary spherocytosis, protein C deficiency and acute infectious mononucleosis". Eur. J. Pediatr. 167 (12): 1449–52. doi:10.1007/s00431-008-0781-3. PMID 18604554. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  5. Almeida JA, Riordan SM (2008). "Splenic infarction complicating percutaneous transluminal coeliac artery stenting for chronic mesenteric ischaemia: a case report". J Med Case Reports. 2: 261. doi:10.1186/1752-1947-2-261. PMC 2533016. PMID 18684317.
  6. Rentsch J, McColl G (2000). "Splenic infarction in Wegener's granulomatosis". J. Rheumatol. 27 (6): 1554–5. PMID 10852290. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  7. Arora A, Arora S (2006). "Spontaneous splenic infarction associated with sumatriptan use". J Headache Pain. 7 (4): 214–6. doi:10.1007/s10194-006-0291-5. PMID 16767537. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  8. Malka D, Van den Eynde M, Boige V, Dromain C, Ducreux M (2006). "Splenic infarction and bevacizumab". Lancet Oncol. 7 (12): 1038. doi:10.1016/S1470-2045(06)70980-9. PMID 17138227. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  9. Haan JM, Bochicchio GV, Kramer N, Scalea TM (2005). "Nonoperative management of blunt splenic injury: a 5-year experience". J Trauma. 58 (3): 492–8. PMID 15761342. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)

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