Pulmonic regurgitation risk factors

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Pulmonic regurgitation Microchapters

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Overview

Historical Perspective

Classification

Pathophysiology

Causes

Differential diagnosis

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Screening

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

Diagnosis

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Electrocardiogram

Chest X-Ray

Echocardiography

Cardiac MRI

Severity Assessment

Treatment

Medical Therapy

Surgical therapy

Follow up

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Aysha Aslam, M.B.B.S[2]

Overview

The risk factors of pulmonic regurgitation may include pulmonary hypertension, surgical repair of teratology of Fallot, endocarditis, left sided heart disease, previous Ross procedure, collagen vascular disease, and malignancies involving the main pulmonary artery.[1][2][3][4]

Risk factors

The risk factors of pulmonic regurgitation may include:[1][2][3][4]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Harrild DM, Powell AJ, Tran TX, Trang TX, Geva T, Lock JE; et al. (2010). "Long-term pulmonary regurgitation following balloon valvuloplasty for pulmonary stenosis risk factors and relationship to exercise capacity and ventricular volume and function". J Am Coll Cardiol. 55 (10): 1041–7. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2010.01.016. PMC 4235281. PMID 20202522.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Ammash NM, Dearani JA, Burkhart HM, Connolly HM (2007). "Pulmonary regurgitation after tetralogy of Fallot repair: clinical features, sequelae, and timing of pulmonary valve replacement". Congenit Heart Dis. 2 (6): 386–403. doi:10.1111/j.1747-0803.2007.00131.x. PMID 18377431.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Chaturvedi RR, Redington AN (2007). "Pulmonary regurgitation in congenital heart disease". Heart. 93 (7): 880–9. doi:10.1136/hrt.2005.075234. PMC 1994453. PMID 17569817.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Rebergen SA, Chin JG, Ottenkamp J, van der Wall EE, de Roos A (1993). "Pulmonary regurgitation in the late postoperative follow-up of tetralogy of Fallot. Volumetric quantitation by nuclear magnetic resonance velocity mapping". Circulation. 88 (5 Pt 1): 2257–66. PMID 8222120.

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