Pulmonic regurgitation epidemiology and demographics
Pulmonic regurgitation Microchapters
The prevalence of mild pulmonary regurgutation is present in 40% to 78% of patients with normal pulmonary valve anatomy. There is increased prevalence of pulmonary regurgitation with increasing age.
Epidemiology and Demographics
- The prevalence of mild pulmonary regurgutation is present in 40% to 78% of patients with normal pulmonary valve anatomy.
- In patients born with congenital heart disease, 20% of patients have associated abnormalities of the pulmonary valve or the right ventricular outlet obstruction.
- There is increased prevalence of pulmonary regurgitation with increasing age.
- There is no racial or ethnic predilection for pulmonary regurgitation.
- Choong CY, Abascal VM, Weyman J, Levine RA, Gentile F, Thomas JD; et al. (1989). "Prevalence of valvular regurgitation by Doppler echocardiography in patients with structurally normal hearts by two-dimensional echocardiography". Am Heart J. 117 (3): 636–42. PMID 2784023.
- Takao S, Miyatake K, Izumi S, Okamoto M, Kinoshita N, Nakagawa H; et al. (1988). "Clinical implications of pulmonary regurgitation in healthy individuals: detection by cross sectional pulsed Doppler echocardiography". Br Heart J. 59 (5): 542–50. PMC 1276894. PMID 3382565.
- Klein AL, Burstow DJ, Tajik AJ, Zachariah PK, Taliercio CP, Taylor CL; et al. (1990). "Age-related prevalence of valvular regurgitation in normal subjects: a comprehensive color flow examination of 118 volunteers". J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 3 (1): 54–63. PMID 2310593.