Pneumothorax epidemiology and demographics

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Hamid Qazi, MD, BSc [2]

Overview

The incidence of primary spontaneous pneumothorax is approximately 7.4-18 per 100,000 individuals in males and approximately 1.2-6.0 per 100,000 individuals in females in USA. Patients of all age groups may develop pneumothorax. There is no racial predilection to pneumothorax. Males are more commonly affected by pneumothorax than females. The male to female ratio is approximately 3 to 1.

Epidemiology and Demographics

The epidemiology and demographics of pneumothorax are as follows:[1][2]

Incidence

Primary spontaneous pneumothorax

  • The incidence of primary spontaneous pneumothorax is approximately 7.4-18 per 100,000 individuals in males in USA.
  • The incidence of primary spontaneous pneumothorax is approximately 1.2-6.0 per 100,000 individuals in females in USA.

Secondary spontaneous pneumothorax

  • Incidence of males to females ratio is 6.3 to 2.0 per 100,000

Age

  • Patients of all age groups may develop pneumothorax.

Race

  • There is no racial predilection to pneumothorax.

Gender

  • Males are more commonly affected by pneumothorax than females. The male to female ratio is approximately 3 to 1.

References

  1. Sahn, Steven A.; Heffner, John E. (2000). "Spontaneous Pneumothorax". New England Journal of Medicine. 342 (12): 868–874. doi:10.1056/NEJM200003233421207. ISSN 0028-4793.
  2. Costumbrado J, Ghassemzadeh S. PMID 29083723. Missing or empty |title= (help)



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