Pneumothorax echocardiography

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Hamid Qazi, MD, BSc [2]

Overview

There are no echocardiography findings associated with pneumothorax. Ultrasonography will show absence of lung sliding, absence of comet-tail artifact, and presence of lung point. Pneumothorax detection is part of the FAST examination in trauma centers.

Echocardiography

Ultrasonography

The ultrasonography findings are as follows:[1]

  • In trauma centers, pneumothorax detection is part of focused abdominal sonography for trauma (FAST) examination[2]
  • Absence of lung sliding, absence of comet-tail artifact, and presence of lung point[3]
  • Sliding movement at the pleura indicates the absence of a pneumothorax

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References

  1. Warner BW, Bailey WW, Shipley RT (1991). "Value of computed tomography of the lung in the management of primary spontaneous pneumothorax". Am J Surg. 162 (1): 39–42. PMID 2063968.
  2. Tam, Michael MK (2005). "Occult pneumothorax in trauma patients: Should this be sought in the focused assessment with sonography for trauma examination?". Emergency Medicine Australasia. 17 (5–6): 488–493. doi:10.1111/j.1742-6723.2005.00781.x. ISSN 1742-6731.
  3. Sharma, Anita; Jindal, Parul (2008). "Principles of diagnosis and management of traumatic pneumothorax". Journal of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock. 1 (1): 34. doi:10.4103/0974-2700.41789. ISSN 0974-2700.



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