Pneumothorax diagnostic study of choice

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Hamid Qazi, MD, BSc [2]

Overview

As the course of pneumothorax is very rapid and can easily become complicated, the best way to diagnose pneumothorax is based on clinical findings, including history and physical examination. A CT scan can is the most sensitive test for pneumothorax. Tension pneumothorax is a medical emergency and should be treated promptly after the physical exam.

Diagnostic Study of Choice

Study of choice:

  • As the course of pneumothorax is very rapid and can easily become complicated, the best way to diagnose pneumothorax is based on clinical findings, including history and physical examination.[1]
  • Investigations:
    • Among patients who present with clinical signs of pneumothorax, the CT scan is the most efficient test for diagnosis.

Diagnostic Criteria

  • There are no established criteria for the diagnosis of pneumothorax.

References

  1. Tsotsolis N, Tsirgogianni K, Kioumis I, Pitsiou G, Baka S, Papaiwannou A; et al. (2015). "Pneumothorax as a complication of central venous catheter insertion". Ann Transl Med. 3 (3): 40. doi:10.3978/j.issn.2305-5839.2015.02.11. PMC 4356862. PMID 25815301.



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