Carcinoid syndrome medical therapy

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Parminder Dhingra, M.D. [2] Anum Gull M.B.B.S.[3]

Overview

The predominant therapy for carcinoid syndrome is surgical resection. Supportive therapy for carcinoid syndrome includes somatostatin analogs,Telotristat,interferons, and radionuclides.

Medical Therapy

Standard treatments for patients with gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors include the following:[1]

Somatostatin Analogs

Adverse effects of somatostatin analog administration include:

Telotristat

Interferons

  • Side-effects includes
  1. Flu-like symptoms
  2. Chronic fatigue
  3. Depression
  4. Anemia
  5. Neutropenia.

Treatment of Hepatic Metastases

The management of hepatic metastases may include:

Radionuclides

Management of Carcinoid-Related Fibrosis

Symptomatic Therapy

References

  1. Treatment Option Overview for GI Carcinoid Tumors . NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE . http://www.cancer.gov/types/gi-carcinoid-tumors/hp/gi-carcinoid-treatment-pdq#link/_97_toc Accessed on September 22, 2015
  2. Vinik AI, Wolin EM, Liyanage N, Gomez-Panzani E, Fisher GA (September 2016). "EVALUATION OF LANREOTIDE DEPOT/AUTOGEL EFFICACY AND SAFETY AS A CARCINOID SYNDROME TREATMENT (ELECT): A RANDOMIZED, DOUBLE-BLIND, PLACEBO-CONTROLLED TRIAL". Endocr Pract. 22 (9): 1068–80. doi:10.4158/EP151172.OR. PMID 27214300.
  3. Ducreux M, Ruszniewski P, Chayvialle JA, Blumberg J, Cloarec D, Michel H, Raymond JM, Dupas JL, Gouerou H, Jian R, Genestin E, Hammel P, Rougier P (November 2000). "The antitumoral effect of the long-acting somatostatin analog lanreotide in neuroendocrine tumors". Am. J. Gastroenterol. 95 (11): 3276–81. doi:10.1111/j.1572-0241.2000.03210.x. PMID 11095353.
  4. Chan DL, Singh S (2018). "Developments in the treatment of carcinoid syndrome - impact of telotristat". Ther Clin Risk Manag. 14: 323–329. doi:10.2147/TCRM.S126143. PMC 5824756. PMID 29503551.
  5. Strosberg JR, Choi J, Cantor AB, Kvols LK (January 2006). "Selective hepatic artery embolization for treatment of patients with metastatic carcinoid and pancreatic endocrine tumors". Cancer Control. 13 (1): 72–8. doi:10.1177/107327480601300110. PMID 16508629.
  6. Blonski, Wojciech C (2005). "Liver transplantation for metastatic neuroendocrine tumor: A case report and review of the literature". World Journal of Gastroenterology. 11 (48): 7676. doi:10.3748/wjg.v11.i48.7676. ISSN 1007-9327.
  7. Hörsch D, Ezziddin S, Haug A, Gratz KF, Dunkelmann S, Miederer M, Schreckenberger M, Krause BJ, Bengel FM, Bartenstein P, Biersack HJ, Pöpperl G, Baum RP (May 2016). "Effectiveness and side-effects of peptide receptor radionuclide therapy for neuroendocrine neoplasms in Germany: A multi-institutional registry study with prospective follow-up". Eur. J. Cancer. 58: 41–51. doi:10.1016/j.ejca.2016.01.009. PMID 26943056.
  8. Modlin IM, Shapiro MD, Kidd M (December 2004). "Carcinoid tumors and fibrosis: an association with no explanation". Am. J. Gastroenterol. 99 (12): 2466–78. doi:10.1111/j.1572-0241.2004.40507.x. PMID 15571597.

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