Seizure risk factors
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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D.  Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Shakiba Hassanzadeh, MD
Risk factors that can precipitate or provoke seizure include: excessive sleep deprivation, alcohol use, illicit drug use, some medications that reduce the seizure threshold, toxins, homeostasis abnormality due to organ failure, metabolic abnormalities, and medical and surgical histories that may be important in assessing the patient’s risk for future seizures.
Risk factors that can precipitate or provoke seizure may include:
- Chronic sleep deprivation
- Alcohol use
- Illicit drug use
- Some medications that reduce the seizure threshold such as:
- Homeostasis abnormality due to organ failure
- Metabolic abnormalities
- Medical and surgical histories that may be important in assessing the patient’s risk for future seizures, such as:
- Childhood development (such as delivery complications)
- History of central nervous system (CNS) infections, diseases, or surgeries
- History of head injuries (especially if there were loss of consciousness)
- ↑ Pohlmann-Eden, Bernd; Legg, Karen T. (2013). "Treatment of first seizure in adults: A comprehensive approach integrating 10 key principles". Epileptology. Elsevier BV. 1 (1): 61–67. doi:10.1016/j.epilep.2013.01.005. ISSN 2212-8220.
- ↑ Delanty N, Vaughan CJ, French JA (1998). "Medical causes of seizures". Lancet. 352 (9125): 383–90. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(98)02158-8. PMID 9717943.
- ↑ Gavvala JR, Schuele SU (2016). "New-Onset Seizure in Adults and Adolescents: A Review". JAMA. 316 (24): 2657–2668. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.18625. PMID 28027373.