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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. 
Respiratory compensation is a mechanism by which plasma pH can be altered by varying the respiratory rate. It is faster than renal compensation, but has less ability to restore normal values.
Respiratory compensation in acid-base disorders
In metabolic acidosis, chemoreceptors sense a deranged acid-base system, and there is increased breathing.
In metabolic alkalosis, the breathing rate is decreased.