Renal artery stenosis secondary prevention

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Renal artery stenosis Microchapters


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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]


Secondary Prevention

Life Style Modification

The first step in treating RAS is making lifestyle changes that promote healthy blood vessels in general. Exercising, controlling weight, and choosing healthy foods may help to keep arteries disease free and flexible. Smoking cessation is one of the best things to save kidneys and other organs.

Blood Pressure Control

RAS causes high blood pressure, which can damage the kidneys. Damaged kidneys, in turn, can make your blood pressure even higher. If left uncontrolled, this vicious cycle can lead to kidney failure and damage the heart and blood vessels throughout the body.

Controlling renovascular hypertension is often difficult but usually achievable. It may require two or more different kinds of blood pressure medicine. Blood pressure medicines work in different ways.

Sometimes, by combining two or more blood pressure medicines that work in different ways, you may be able to control your blood pressure and stop the progression of kidney failure. Each type of blood pressure medicine has its own potential side effects; therefore, the choice of medicine is best determined by you and your doctor.

In addition to antihypertensives, prescription of a cholesterol lowering drug to prevent the plaques from forming in the arteries, and a blood-thinner, such as aspirin, to help the blood flow more easily through the arteries.


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