POEMS syndrome laboratory findings

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Sabawoon Mirwais, M.B.B.S, M.D.[2]


Laboratory findings consistent with the diagnosis of POEMS syndrome include increased serum VEGF level, increased number of thrombocytes, increased number of erythrocytes, elevated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein content, increased number of leukocytes, low levels of IgG lambda or IgA lambda M-protein in the serum, and increased number of plasma cells in the bone marrow.

Laboratory Findings

Laboratory findings consistent with the diagnosis of POEMS syndrome include:


  1. 1.0 1.1 Nozza A (2017). "POEMS SYNDROME: an Update". Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis. 9 (1): e2017051. doi:10.4084/MJHID.2017.051. PMC 5584767. PMID 28894560.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Bardwick PA, Zvaifler NJ, Gill GN, Newman D, Greenway GD, Resnick DL (July 1980). "Plasma cell dyscrasia with polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M protein, and skin changes: the POEMS syndrome. Report on two cases and a review of the literature". Medicine (Baltimore). 59 (4): 311–22. PMID 6248720.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Takatsuki K, Sanada I (September 1983). "Plasma cell dyscrasia with polyneuropathy and endocrine disorder: clinical and laboratory features of 109 reported cases". Jpn. J. Clin. Oncol. 13 (3): 543–55. PMID 6315993.
  4. Nobile-Orazio E, Terenghi F, Giannotta C, Gallia F, Nozza A (March 2009). "Serum VEGF levels in POEMS syndrome and in immune-mediated neuropathies". Neurology. 72 (11): 1024–6. doi:10.1212/01.wnl.0000344569.13496.ff. PMID 19289745.
  5. Güneş HN, Bilecenoğlu NT, Şener U, Yoldaş TK (April 2015). "POEMS syndrome with peripheral and central nervous system demyelination: case report". Neurologist. 19 (4): 101–3. doi:10.1097/NRL.0000000000000017. PMID 25888197.

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