POEMS syndrome CT scan

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Sabawoon Mirwais, M.B.B.S, M.D.[2]


CT scan may be helpful in the diagnosis of POEMS syndrome. Findings on CT scan suggestive of POEMS syndrome include bone lesions, lymphadenopathy, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, and ascites.

CT scan

CT scan may be helpful in the diagnosis of POEMS syndrome. Findings on CT scan suggestive of POEMS syndrome include:


CT image demonstrating cervical lymphadenopathy. Source: Case courtesy of David Puyó, Radiopaedia.org, rID: 22420
Abdominal CT image demonstrating hepatomegaly (arrow) and splenomegaly (arrowhead). Source: Case courtesy of Dr Julian Maingard, Radiopaedia.org, rID: 31486
CT image showing pleural (arrows) and pericardial (arrowhead) effusion. Source: Case courtesy of Dr David Cuete, Radiopaedia.org, rID: 29213
Abdominal CT image showing ascites. Source: Case courtesy of Radswiki, Radiopaedia.org, rID: 11214


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Shi X, Hu S, Luo X, Luo M, You H, Zhu Y, Xi X (January 2016). "CT characteristics in 24 patients with POEMS syndrome". Acta Radiol. 57 (1): 51–7. doi:10.1177/0284185114564614. PMID 25571895.
  2. Pei G, Yang D, Sun J, Luo Y, Yan J, Chen Y (2015). "Cardiac Involvement in a Patient With POEMS Syndrome Detected Using Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging". Int Heart J. 56 (5): 571–3. doi:10.1536/ihj.15-038. PMID 26346518.

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