Nausea and vomiting risk factors
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Nausea and vomiting Microchapters
Nausea and vomiting risk factors On the Web
American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Nausea and vomiting risk factors
Risk calculators and risk factors for Nausea and vomiting risk factors
- Well established risk factors for postoperative nausea and vomiting include: 
- female gender post puberty
- nonsmoking status
- history of postoperative nausea and vomiting
- history of motion sickness
- childhood after infancy and younger adulthood
- increasing duration of surgery
- use of volatile anesthetics, nitrous oxide, large-dose neostigmine, or intraoperative or postoperative opioids
- Possible risk factors for postoperative nausea and vomiting include: 
- history of migraine
- history of postoperative nausea and vomiting or motion sickness in a child's parent or sibling
- intense preoperative anxiety
- certain ethnicities or surgery types
- decreased perioperative fluids
- crystalloid versus colloid administration
- increasing duration of anesthesia
- general versus regional anesthesia or sedation
- balanced versus total IV anesthesia
- use of longer-acting versus shorter-acting opioids
- Risk factors for nausea and vomiting in pregnancy include: 
- increased number of prior miscarriages
- increased gravidity
- risk decreased with increasing age
- twin births
- Increased risk of nausea and vomiting after first trimester is seen in women who are less well educated, have lower incomes, and more likely in black women.
- Risk factors for chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting:  
- age less than 50 years
- female gender
- history of nausea and vomiting or motion sickness
- type of antineoplastic agent and how it is used
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Gan TJ (June 2006). "Risk factors for postoperative nausea and vomiting". Anesth Analg. 102 (6): 1884–98. doi:10.1213/01.ANE.0000219597.16143.4D. PMID 16717343.
- ↑ Louik C, Hernandez-Diaz S, Werler MM, Mitchell AA (July 2006). "Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy: maternal characteristics and risk factors". Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 20 (4): 270–8. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3016.2006.00723.x. PMID 16879499.
- ↑ Sekine I, Segawa Y, Kubota K, Saeki T (June 2013). "Risk factors of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting: index for personalized antiemetic prophylaxis". Cancer Sci. 104 (6): 711–7. doi:10.1111/cas.12146. PMC 7657206 Check
|pmc=value (help). PMID 23480814.
- ↑ Hesketh, Paul J.; Aapro, Matti; Street, James C.; Carides, Alexandra D. (2009). "Evaluation of risk factors predictive of nausea and vomiting with current standard-of-care antiemetic treatment: analysis of two phase III trials of aprepitant in patients receiving cisplatin-based chemotherapy". Supportive Care in Cancer. 18 (9): 1171–1177. doi:10.1007/s00520-009-0737-9. ISSN 0941-4355.