Mast cell tumor pathophysiology

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1];Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Suveenkrishna Pothuru, M.B,B.S. [2]


Mast cell tumor arises from the mast cell, which is a type of white blood cell involved in the inflammatory process. The progression to mast cell tumor usually involves the uncontrolled stimulation of the receptor for stem cell factor following mutation of C-kit cell surface receptor. On microscopic histopathological analysis, mast cells in the superficial and mid dermis that are lymphocyte like with dense granular cytoplasm which tend to be more abundant around blood vessels is characteristic finding of mast cell tumor.


Mast Cell


Microscopic Pathology

  • Tend to be more abundant around vessels
  • Eosinophils may present


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