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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. 
Hyperalimentation is a procedure in which nutrients and vitamins are given to a person in liquid form through a vein. It is a medical procedure used for individuals who cannot get nutrients from food. This is done mainly due to impaired gastrointestinal (GI) conditions such as severe malabsorption, progressed eating disorders, etc, (since tube feeding is often preferred for non-GI related conditions). It is a frequent iatrogenic cause of normal anion gap metabolic acidosis. Hyperalimentation can also cause an osmotic diuresis due to an increased load of urea from protein catabolism. Frequently, it is also associated with opportunistic infections by Candida Albicans.