Hiatus hernia risk factors

Jump to navigation Jump to search

Hiatus Hernia Microchapters


Patient Information


Historical Perspective




Differentiating Hiatus Hernia from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors


Natural History, Complications and Prognosis


Diagnostic Study of Choice

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination


Chest X Ray

Echocardiography or Ultrasound



Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies


Medical Therapy


Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Case #1

Hiatus hernia risk factors On the Web

Most recent articles

Most cited articles

Review articles

CME Programs

Powerpoint slides


American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Hiatus hernia risk factors

All Images
Echo & Ultrasound
CT Images

Ongoing Trials at Clinical Trials.gov

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse

NICE Guidance

FDA on Hiatus hernia risk factors

CDC on Hiatus hernia risk factors

Hiatus hernia risk factors in the news

Blogs on Hiatus hernia risk factors

Directions to Hospitals Treating Hiatus hernia

Risk calculators and risk factors for Hiatus hernia risk factors

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Amandeep Singh M.D.[2]


Common risk factors in the development of hiatus hernia include aging, obesity, trauma, scoliosis, and congenital defects.

Risk Factors

Common Risk Factors

Less Common Risk Factors


  1. Wilson LJ, Ma W, Hirschowitz BI (1999). "Association of obesity with hiatal hernia and esophagitis". Am. J. Gastroenterol. 94 (10): 2840–4. doi:10.1111/j.1572-0241.1999.01426.x. PMID 10520831.
  2. Roman, S.; Kahrilas, P. J. (2014). "The diagnosis and management of hiatus hernia". BMJ. 349 (oct23 1): g6154–g6154. doi:10.1136/bmj.g6154. ISSN 1756-1833.
  3. Menon S, Trudgill N (2011). "Risk factors in the aetiology of hiatus hernia: a meta-analysis". Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 23 (2): 133–8. doi:10.1097/MEG.0b013e3283426f57. PMID 21178776.
  4. Stene-Larsen G, Weberg R, Frøyshov Larsen I, Bjørtuft O, Hoel B, Berstad A (1988). "Relationship of overweight to hiatus hernia and reflux oesophagitis". Scand. J. Gastroenterol. 23 (4): 427–32. PMID 3381064.
  5. Eren S, Ciriş F (2005). "Diaphragmatic hernia: diagnostic approaches with review of the literature". Eur J Radiol. 54 (3): 448–59. doi:10.1016/j.ejrad.2004.09.008. PMID 15899350.
  6. Schuchert MJ, Adusumilli PS, Cook CC, Colovos C, Kilic A, Nason KS, Landreneau JP, Zikos T, Jack R, Luketich JD, Landreneau RJ (2011). "The impact of scoliosis among patients with giant paraesophageal hernia". J. Gastrointest. Surg. 15 (1): 23–8. doi:10.1007/s11605-010-1307-7. PMID 20824386.
  7. Karpelowsky JS, Wieselthaler N, Rode H (2006). "Primary paraesophageal hernia in children". J. Pediatr. Surg. 41 (9): 1588–93. doi:10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2006.05.020. PMID 16952596.