HIV induced pericarditis causes

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Varun Kumar, M.B.B.S.; Lakshmi Gopalakrishnan, M.B.B.S. Ramyar Ghandriz MD[2]


Common causes of HIV induced pericarditis include Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Staphylococcus aureus, Cryptococcus neoformans, and Herpes simplex.


It is often difficult to identify the etiology of pericardial effusion in HIV-infected patients. The common organisms isolated are:

Supportive Trial Data

  • A retrospective study[7] of 29 patients with AIDS-related pericardial effusion, who underwent fluid cultures and pericardial biopsy, included the following causes:


  1. Mayosi BM, Burgess LJ, Doubell AF (2005). "Tuberculous pericarditis". Circulation. 112 (23): 3608–16. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.105.543066. PMID 16330703.
  2. Sudano I, Spieker LE, Noll G, Corti R, Weber R, Lüscher TF (2006). "Cardiovascular disease in HIV infection". Am Heart J. 151 (6): 1147–55. doi:10.1016/j.ahj.2005.07.030. PMID 16781213.
  3. Stechel RP, Cooper DJ, Greenspan J, Pizzarello RA, Tenenbaum MJ (1986) Staphylococcal pericarditis in a homosexual patient with AIDS-related complex. N Y State J Med 86 (11):592-3. PMID: 3467225
  4. Decker CF, Tuazon CU (1994) Staphylococcus aureus pericarditis in HIV-infected patients. Chest 105 (2):615-6. PMID: 8306779
  5. Schuster M, Valentine F, Holzman R (1985) Cryptococcal pericarditis in an intravenous drug abuser. J Infect Dis 152 (4):842. PMID: 4045235
  6. Freedberg RS, Gindea AJ, Dieterich DT, Greene JB (1987) Herpes simplex pericarditis in AIDS. N Y State J Med 87 (5):304-6. PMID: 3035442
  7. Flum DR, McGinn JT, Tyras DH (1995) The role of the 'pericardial window' in AIDS. Chest 107 (6):1522-5. PMID: 7781340
  8. Hsia J, Ross AM (1994) Pericardial effusion and pericardiocentesis in human immunodeficiency virus infection. Am J Cardiol 74 (1):94-6. PMID: 8017317

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