Coccidioidomycosis risk factors

Jump to navigation Jump to search

Coccidioidomycosis Microchapters


Patient Information


Historical Perspective



Coccidioides immitis
Coccidioides posadasii

Differentiating Coccidioidomycosis from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors


Natural History, Complications and Prognosis


History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings

Chest X Ray




Medical Therapy


Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Case #1

Coccidioidomycosis risk factors On the Web

Most recent articles

Most cited articles

Review articles

CME Programs

Powerpoint slides


American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Coccidioidomycosis risk factors

All Images
Echo & Ultrasound
CT Images

Ongoing Trials at Clinical

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse

NICE Guidance

FDA on Coccidioidomycosis risk factors

CDC on Coccidioidomycosis risk factors

Coccidioidomycosis risk factors in the news

Blogs on Coccidioidomycosis risk factors

Directions to Hospitals Treating Coccidioidomycosis

Risk calculators and risk factors for Coccidioidomycosis risk factors

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Aditya Ganti M.B.B.S. [2]


Coccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection most commonly seen in the desert regions of the southwestern United States, and in Central and South America. Common risk factors include traveling to an area where the fungus is commonly seen raises your risk for this infection, native American, African or Philippine descent, and having a weakened immune systems due to AIDS, diabetes, or medications that suppress the immune system.[1] [2][3]

Common risk factors

  • Dust exposure in endemic areas, due to occupational activities agricultural or construction workers
  • Military personnel training in endemic areas
  • Construction work, and model airplane competitions
  • Natural disasters such as earthquakes and windstorms

Less common risk factors


  1. Cummings KC, McDowell A, Wheeler C, McNary J, Das R, Vugia DJ, Mohle-Boetani JC (2010). "Point-source outbreak of coccidioidomycosis in construction workers". Epidemiol. Infect. 138 (4): 507–11. doi:10.1017/S0950268809990999. PMID 19845993.
  2. LEVAN NE (1954). "Occupational aspects of coccidioidomycosis". Calif Med. 80 (4): 294–8. PMC 1531978. PMID 13150196.
  3. Rosenstein NE, Emery KW, Werner SB, Kao A, Johnson R, Rogers D, Vugia D, Reingold A, Talbot R, Plikaytis BD, Perkins BA, Hajjeh RA (2001). "Risk factors for severe pulmonary and disseminated coccidioidomycosis: Kern County, California, 1995-1996". Clin. Infect. Dis. 32 (5): 708–15. doi:10.1086/319203. PMID 11229838.

Template:WH Template:WS