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RefSeq (mRNA)



RefSeq (protein)



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Centromere protein I is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CENPI gene.[1][2]


The product of this gene is involved in the response of gonadal tissues to follicle-stimulating hormone. This gene is also a potential candidate for human X-linked disorders of gonadal development and gametogenesis.[2] CENPI is a target gene of the transcription factor E2F.[3] Additionally, CENPI expression is increased in breast cancer and this has been shown to cause chromosome instability in breast cancer cells.[3]


  1. Okada M, Cheeseman IM, Hori T, Okawa K, McLeod IX, Yates JR, Desai A, Fukagawa T (May 2006). "The CENP-H-I complex is required for the efficient incorporation of newly synthesized CENP-A into centromeres". Nature Cell Biology. 8 (5): 446–57. doi:10.1038/ncb1396. PMID 16622420.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Entrez Gene: CENPI centromere protein I".
  3. 3.0 3.1 Thangavelu PU, Lin CY, Vaidyanathan S, Nguyen TH, Dray E, Duijf PH (September 2017). "CENPI promotes chromosome instability and predicts poor prognosis in estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer". Oncotarget. 8 (37): 62167–62182. doi:10.18632/oncotarget.19131. PMID 28977935.

Further reading

  • Izuta H, Ikeno M, Suzuki N, Tomonaga T, Nozaki N, Obuse C, Kisu Y, Goshima N, Nomura F, Nomura N, Yoda K (June 2006). "Comprehensive analysis of the ICEN (Interphase Centromere Complex) components enriched in the CENP-A chromatin of human cells". Genes to Cells. 11 (6): 673–84. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2443.2006.00969.x. PMID 16716197.
  • Foltz DR, Jansen LE, Black BE, Bailey AO, Yates JR, Cleveland DW (May 2006). "The human CENP-A centromeric nucleosome-associated complex". Nature Cell Biology. 8 (5): 458–69. doi:10.1038/ncb1397. PMID 16622419.
  • Nousiainen M, Silljé HH, Sauer G, Nigg EA, Körner R (April 2006). "Phosphoproteome analysis of the human mitotic spindle". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 103 (14): 5391–6. doi:10.1073/pnas.0507066103. PMC 1459365. PMID 16565220.
  • Obuse C, Yang H, Nozaki N, Goto S, Okazaki T, Yoda K (February 2004). "Proteomics analysis of the centromere complex from HeLa interphase cells: UV-damaged DNA binding protein 1 (DDB-1) is a component of the CEN-complex, while BMI-1 is transiently co-localized with the centromeric region in interphase". Genes to Cells. 9 (2): 105–20. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2443.2004.00705.x. PMID 15009096.
  • Liu ST, Hittle JC, Jablonski SA, Campbell MS, Yoda K, Yen TJ (April 2003). "Human CENP-I specifies localization of CENP-F, MAD1 and MAD2 to kinetochores and is essential for mitosis". Nature Cell Biology. 5 (4): 341–5. doi:10.1038/ncb953. PMID 12640463.
  • Roberts RG, Kendall E, Vetrie D, Bobrow M (October 1996). "Sequence and chromosomal location of a human homologue of LRPR1, an FSH primary response gene". Genomics. 37 (1): 122–4. doi:10.1006/geno.1996.0528. PMID 8921378.
  • Slegtenhorst-Eegdeman KE, Post M, Baarends WM, Themmen AP, Grootegoed JA (February 1995). "Regulation of gene expression in Sertoli cells by follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH): cloning and characterization of LRPR1, a primary response gene encoding a leucine-rich protein". Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology. 108 (1–2): 115–24. doi:10.1016/0303-7207(94)03468-9. hdl:1765/64471. PMID 7758824.
  • Adams MD, Dubnick M, Kerlavage AR, Moreno R, Kelley JM, Utterback TR, Nagle JW, Fields C, Venter JC (February 1992). "Sequence identification of 2,375 human brain genes". Nature. 355 (6361): 632–4. doi:10.1038/355632a0. PMID 1538749.

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